An experiment in creating topic maps from the blog of Samuel Pepys' diary.

Topic maps can be thought of as a much more powerful form of index. A topic map enables you to identify the key subjects in a domain and link those subjects together in typed relationships as well as make references to electronic resources that provide more information about the subject. A more full description of topic maps can be found here.

This topic map of Pepy's diary is inspired by Phil Gyford's Ontopia's LTM syntax, a text-based notation which is considerably easier to write (and read!) than the standard XML-based XTM syntax. For viewing the files, I recommend using Ontopia's Omnigator which you can download and use for free.

April 14, 2005

Pepys-Map : March Roundup

The Pepys-Map is a topic map of the people, places and events described in the famous 17th Century diaries of Samuel Pepys.

This round-up topic map covers all of the entries from June 1661 through to March 1662. You can either download the full XTM representation of Pepys-Map or browse the HTML rendition of Pepys-Map online.

Posted by Kal at 05:23 PM

April 11, 2005

Pepys-Map : 1st - 2nd April 1662

Two more entries posted today.

In the entry for 1st April 1662, there is a sequence of events worth noting for the way in which the temporal relationships are modelled. The sequence starts when Pepys, Paulina Montagu and others attend a performance of "The Maid in the Mill". During the performance, Paulina Montagu is taken ill, so Pepys takes her to the Grange (a nearby tavern) where she "did what she had a mind to", and then the pair return to the play. This gives us the following events:

  1. A performance of "The Maid in the Mill"
  2. Paulina Montagu's illness
  3. Samuel and Paulina Montagu travel from the Opera to the Grange
  4. Samuel and Paulina Montagu return from the Grange to the Opera

(1) is the wrapper event that events (2) - (4) all occur during, but (4) can be said to occur after the end of (2), so we have the following event relationships:

  • (2) occurs during (1)
  • (3) occurs during (1) and is caused by (2)
  • (4) occurs during (1) and occurs after (2)

New and updated topic maps

Topic map for 1st April 1662
Topic map for 2nd April 1662
Culture in the diary
Dates in the diary
People in the diary
Places in the diary

Posted by Kal at 08:58 PM

April 01, 2005

March 27, 2005

Pepys-Map : 16th - 20th March

5 more entries uploaded today, with no major ontology changes.

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 16th March 1662
Topic map for 17th March 1662
Topic map for 18th March 1662
Topic map for 19th March 1662
Topic map for 20th March 1662

Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 02:07 PM

March 25, 2005

Pepys-Map : 8th - 15th March 1662

Another big batch update today. The only new addition to the ontology is a new event type "Arrest" with participation roles "Accused" and "Accuser", used for the capture or arrest of individuals. Accuser role is played by the one bringing the charge.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 8th March 1662
Topic map for 9th March 1662
Topic map for 10th March 1662
Topic map for 11th March 1662
Topic map for 12th March 1662
Topic map for 13th March 1662
Topic map for 14th March 1662
Topic map for 15th March 1662

Core ontology for the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 01:04 PM

March 21, 2005

Pepys-Map : 3rd - 7th March 1662

Five new entries posted today.

The only new addition to the ontology is the creation of a new event type 'Vote of Parliament' which is used to record a vote in the House of Parliament.

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 3rd March 1662
Topic map for 4th March 1662
Topic map for 5th March 1662
Topic map for 6th March 1662
Topic map for 7th March 1662

Core ontology for the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 06:20 PM

March 17, 2005

Pepys-Map : 1st-2nd March 1662

Entries posted for 1st and 2nd March 1662.

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 1st March 1662
Topic map for 2nd March 1662

Cultural artifacts in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 07:35 PM

March 04, 2005

Pepys-Map : February Round-up

The Pepys-Map is a topic map of the people, places and events described in the famous 17th Century diaries of Samuel Pepys.

This round-up topic map covers all of the entries from June 1661 through to February 1662. You can either download the full XTM representation of Pepys-Map or browse the HTML rendition of Pepys-Map online,

Posted by Kal at 05:22 PM

March 03, 2005

Pepys-Map : 26th - 28th February 1662

Three more days entries posted today, taking us to the end of February 1662.

Events modelled for 26th February 1662 :

  • Samuel works with John Birchensha on a composition. This is modelled as a recreation event.
  • Samuel pays monies owed to Joshua Kirton.
  • Samuel settles a debt to William Joyce.
  • Sam meets with and misrecognises an unamed man from the Navy Office. Only the meeting is modelled here.

For 27th February 1662 :

  • Samuel and John Birchensha argue about Birchensha's music theories.
  • Samuel spends the morning writing down what he has learned from Birchensha.
  • Samuel dines at home.
  • Samuel works at the Navy Office.
  • Sam works on his correspondence at home.

Finally, for 28th February 1662:

  • Sam and William Penn travel to Whitehall Palace by coach.
  • Samuel delivers a map of Tangiers to James Stuart. The map was sent by Sir Edward Montagu and was created by one Martin Beckman. Beckman's position in the employ of Montagu has been modelled as an office-holding event, where the office is ommitted as we are not told the nature of his position.
    The map has been modelled as a topic, allowing a text-subject association to connect the map with the territory depicted (Tangiers) and a new created-by association to connect the map with Beckman.
  • Sam travels to Mr. Savill's by boat.
  • At Mr. Savills, Samuel sits for his portrait.
  • Samuel dines at home.
  • Henry Moore visits Pepys at home.
  • Sam works at the Navy Office and while there receives salary (modelled as a payment-event).
  • Sam returns home and beats his servant Wayneman Birch.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 26th February 1662.
Topic map for 27th February 1662.
Topic map for 28th February 1662.

Cultural artifacts in the diary.
Dates in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 08:30 PM

February 28, 2005

Pepys-Map : 25th February 1662

In today's entry there is just one new addition to the ontology. The events modelled are as follows:

  • Samuel works at the Navy Office.
  • Samuel and Henry Moore visit a coffee house (that is not named) and discuss the recent storms and the damage caused. I have not modelled the subject of this discussion for the time being.
  • At some point during the day, Samuel reads a statement written by Charles Sackville regarding the murder that he is accused of. To model this, I have introduced a new association type "text-subject", and modelled Charles Sackville's statement (which is published) as a text, and the murder as the text subject.
  • Samuel dines at home.
  • The Hunts visit the Pepys.
  • Samuel works at the Navy Office again.
  • Samuel has supper at home.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 25th February 1662.
Core ontology for the diary.

Posted by Kal at 09:54 PM

February 25, 2005

Pepys-Map : 23rd-24th February 1662

Two more entries posted today. The entry for 23rd February 1662 is quite short with only two events:

  • Samuel reads more of Fuller's 'A History of the worthies of England'.
  • William Penn sups with Samuel at his home.

The entry for 24th February 1662 models the following events:

  • Samuel takes a music lesson from John Birchensha.
  • Samuel pays 5l. for the lessons he has had in the last month. This is modelled as the new 'payment' event described in this post.
  • Samuel visits Mr Savill to 'set again for my picture in little' - I'm not sure if this means that Sam is sitting for a miniature to be painted or if it is related to the financing of the original portraits. For now I have simply modelled this as a visit.
  • Samuel visits John Birchensha at his home in Soutwark. Where the pair discuss and play more music.
  • Samuel dines at home.
  • Samuel chastises Will Hewer before his wife. To model this, I have created one participation association for Samuel chastising Will and a separate one for Elizabeth playing the role of 'audience'.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 23rd February 1662
Topic map for 24th February 1662

Places in the diary.
Dates in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 09:26 AM

February 23, 2005

Pepys-Map : 21st - 22nd February 1662

Two more entries posted today, both of which introduce new items to the ontology.

The entry for 21st February records the fact that Sam receives 80l. from Jaspar Trice. This is modelled as a "payment" event, with Samuel playing the role of recipient and Jaspar Trice playing the role of "payer". The sum paid is recorded as an occurrence of type "value" (previously used to record the value of items) on the payment event topic itself. So we have:

[event-16620221-04 : payment = "Samuel receives a payment from Jasper Trice (21st February 1662)";"16620221-04"]
occurs(event-16620221-04 : event, event-16620221-03 : during)
participation(event-16620221-04 : event,
  samuel-pepys : recipient,
  jasper-trice : payer)
{event-16620221-04, value, [[80l.]]}

In the entry for 22nd February 1662 we learn that a group of five men have been sent to Newgate Prison for the murder of a tanner in Stoke Newington. The murder itself is modelled as a new event of type "murder", with the alleged murderers playing the role "accused", the tanner playing the role "victim" and the place "Stoke Newington" playing the role "scene". A more generalised event type of "crime" has also been created and both the new "murder" event type and the existing "theft" event type have been made subclasses of it.

[event-16620222-11 : murder = "Murder of a tanner in Newington";"16620222-11"]
occurs(event-16620222-11 : event, event-16620222-10 : end)
participation(event-16620222-11 : event,
  thomas-wentworth : accused,
  john-belasyse : accused,
  henry-belasyse : accused,
  edward-sackville : accused,
  charles-sackville : accused,
  unamed-tanner : victim,
  newington : scene)

The gaoling of the five men is recorded as a separate event of type "imprisonment" with the murder event playing the role "charge" (meaning that the charge on which the men are imprisoned is for the crime described by the murder event); the men play the role "imprisoned" and "Newgate Prison" plays the role "gaol".

[event-16620222-10 : imprisonment = "Imprisonment of the Sackvilles, Belasyses and Thomas Wentworth on a charge of murder (22nd February 1662)";"16620222-10"]
occurs(event-16620222-10 : event, today : end)
participation(event-16620222-10 : event,
  thomas-wentworth : imprisoned,
  john-belasyse : imprisoned,
  henry-belasyse : imprisoned,
  edward-sackville : imprisoned,
  charles-sackville : imprisoned,
  newgate : gaol,
  event-16620222-11 : charge)

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 21st February 1662
Topic map for 22nd February 1662

Core ontology for the diary.
Dates in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 09:08 PM

February 21, 2005

Pepys-Map : 18th-20th February 1662

Three more entries posted today. No major ontology changes or new entities added.

Topic map for 18th February 1662.
Topic map for 19th February 1662.
Topic map for 20th February 1662.

Cultural artifacts in the diary.
Dates in the diary.
People in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 09:20 PM

February 20, 2005

February 11, 2005

Pepys-Map : 3rd-4th February 1662

Events modelled in 3rd February 1662:

  • Samuel practices his music at home. This is modelled as a recreation event with Samuel Pepys playing the generic role "participant".
  • Pepys, Penn and Batten work at the Navy Office.
  • A dinner at the Batten's home attended by Samuel, Mrs Mills and Mrs Shipman. Although others may have been present, only the named attendees are modelled.
  • Mrs Shipman drinks a toast, that Samuel estimates to be a pint and a half of wine, to the health of the Battens. It would seem that binge-drinking is not a new British disease...
  • Pepys, Batten and George Carteret return to the Navy Office to do more work.
  • Pepys returns to the William Batten's. This is modelled as a visiting event.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth (amongst others - thought the others are not named and so are not modelled) sup with Robert Holmes. We are told that Holmes' lodgings are at Trinity House and so this additional fact is also modelled.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth return home.

Events for 4th February 1662:

  • Samuel visits Westminster Hall. We know no more about what he did there.
  • Samuel dines with Benjamin Templer and Sir John Crew at Crew's residence.
  • A subpoena is served on Sameul by an unamed person on behalf of Edward Field.
  • Samuel works at the Navy Office...
  • ...and then returns home.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 3rd February 1662.
Topic map for 4th February 1662.

People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 02:25 AM

February 03, 2005

Pepys-Map : 1st - 2nd February 1662

Events recorded in the topic map for 1st February 1662 are:

  • Samuel and Commissioner Pett work together at the Navy Office
  • Samuel and William Penn discuss moving Penn's son to Cambridge...
  • ...while Commissioner Pett continues working
  • At some point during this time, William Penn tells Samuel that he has received news from Sir Edward Montagu of the destruction of the enemy fleet at Algiers by a storm.
  • Pepys and Pett visit Mr. Savill (to admire Pepys' portraits)
  • The pair dine at the Wardrobe with Jemima Montagu
  • Samuel passes on the news from Sir Edward to Jemima Montague
  • Pepys and Pett return to the Navy office and continue working.
  • Samuel returns home and writes letters to his father, to his brother John, and to Dr William Fairbrother. We know from the diary entry that the reason for the latter is to find out about a Mr. Burton at Magdalene college, Cambridge.

This entry shows some interesting event relationships. Penn receives news from Sir Edward Montagu by letter, the subject of this "correspondence-event" is the "Destruction of the enemy fleet at Algiers". This destruction is itself an event and is then used as the subject role player in an event-subject association for the event representing the correspondence from Montagu to Penn; the event representing the passing of this news from Penn to Pepys; and for the event representing the passing of the news from Pepys to Lady Montagu. Thus we have a single anchor that ties together all of the events allowing the relationship between them to be shown more clearly in the topic map.

Additionally there is a cause-effect relationship between the discussion between Penn and Pepys on the subject of Penn's son and the letter written by Samuel to Dr. Fairbother on the subject of Hezekiah Burton.

The entry for 2nd February 1662 is more straightforward:

  • Pepys attends the morning service at St. Olave
  • Samuel and Elizabeth dine at home
  • The pair then attend the afternoon service at St. Olaves (given by an 'Oxford man' of whom Pepys has a suitably low opinion ;-)
  • The rest of the day is spent in reading and supper.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 1st February 1662.
Topic map for 2nd February 1662.

People in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 06:27 PM

February 02, 2005

Pepys-Map : January Roundup

The Pepys-Map is a topic map of the people, places and events described in the famous 17th Century diaries of Samuel Pepys.

This round-up topic map covers all of the entries from June 1661 through to January 1662. You can either download the full XTM representation of Pepys-Map or browse the HTML rendition of Pepys-Map online,

Posted by Kal at 07:12 PM

Pepys-Map : 30th-31st January 1662

Two more entries posted today which takes us to the end of January 1662. The entries are both relatively short and do not involve many events. The entry for 30th January 1662 mentions that the day is a fast-day in memory of Charles I. To model this, I have added a new event of type "fast".

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 30th January 1662.
Topic map for 31st January 1662.

Pepys diary core ontology.

Posted by Kal at 05:43 PM

January 30, 2005

Pepys-Map : 22nd - 29th January 1662

Final catch-up post with another 8 entries covered today.

Hopefully over the coming weeks I'll be able to get back to a once-a-day or every-other-day publishing schedule.

Watch out for the January batch update during the coming week!

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 22nd Janaury 1662
Topic map for 23rd Janaury 1662
Topic map for 24th Janaury 1662 Topic map for 25th Janaury 1662
Topic map for 26th Janaury 1662
Topic map for 27th Janaury 1662
Topic map for 28th Janaury 1662
Topic map for 29th Janaury 1662
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.
Dates in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 03:54 PM | Comments (0)

January 28, 2005

January 16, 2005

Pepys-Map : 3rd - 9th January 1662

First of the "catch-up" posts today. The main changes ontologically is in the expression of the temporal relationships between events as mentioned in an earlier post. I intend to expand on this in more detail at a later date.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 3rd Janaury 1662
Topic map for 4th Janaury 1662
Topic map for 5th Janaury 1662 Topic map for 6th Janaury 1662
Topic map for 7th Janaury 1662
Topic map for 8th Janaury 1662
Topic map for 9th Janaury 1662

Core ontology of the diary.
Cultural artifacts in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 06:36 PM | Comments (0)

January 14, 2005

Pepys-Map December Round-Up

The Pepys-Map is a topic map of the people, places and events described in the famous 17th Century diaries of Samuel Pepys.

This round-up topic map covers all of the entries from June 1661 through to December 1661. You can either download the full XTM representation of Pepys-Map or browse the HTML rendition of Pepys-Map online,

Posted by Kal at 05:30 PM | Comments (0)

January 09, 2005

Brief Hiatus...

Sorry for the brief lull in the postings - and the late arrival of the December update.

Normal service will be resumed ASAP

Posted by Kal at 08:03 PM | Comments (0)

January 03, 2005

Pepys-Map : 27th December 1661 - 2nd January 1662

Todays posting is a catch up of the new year period.

Starting from the entries for 1662, I've chosen to make the ordering of events a bit more explicit in the topic map. Rather than relying on sort names to imply an ordering between the events that occur on a day, I now use the start-after role to indicate a sequence of one event following another.

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 27th December 1661.
Topic map for 28th December 1661.
Topic map for 29th December 1661.
Topic map for 30th December 1661.
Topic map for 31st December 1661.
Topic map for 1st January 1662.
Topic map for 2nd January 1662.

Core ontology in the diary.
Cultural artifacts in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 09:35 PM

December 27, 2004

Pepys-Map : 22nd - 26th December 1661

A catch up over the christmas period, with entries posted for 22nd to 26th of December.

One point worth noting is that the PSIs I am using for dates are based on the Gregorian calender, meaning that they roll over from December 1661 to January 1662 in this period. I am using the "common" convention of the new year starting on January 1st, rather than the ecclesiastical year start.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 22nd December 1661,
Topic map for 23rd December 1661,
Topic map for 24th December 1661,
Topic map for 25th December 1661,
Topic map for 26th December 1661,

Dates in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 11:41 AM | Comments (0)

December 22, 2004

Pepys-Map : 19th - 21st December 1661

Three more entries posted.

For 19th December 1661, the following events are modelled:

  • Elizabeth sits for Mr. Savill. Samuel attends the sitting and his participation is modelled using the 'audience' role type.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth travel home from Mr. Savill's by coach.
  • During the coach ride, the couple have an argument.
  • Samuel dines with William Warren at the Dolphin.
  • Samuel works at the Navy Office.
  • Samuel returns home from the office.

For 20th December 1661, the following events are modelled:

  • Samuel dines at the Wardrobe.
  • Samuel and Henry Moore meet William Swan in the street.
  • The trio go drinking at a local tavern during which they discuss religion. This is modelled as two separate events, a drinking event and a discussion with the discussion occurring during the drinking.
  • Samuel and Henry Moore go to the Royal Exchange.
  • Sameul discusses maritime law (or as Pepys puts it 'Dominion of the Sea') with Henry Moore .
  • Samuel returns home.
  • Samuel reads more of Selden's Mare Clausum.

Finally, for 21st December 1661 we have:

  • Samuel discusses the ending of Privy Seal business for the duration of the Christmas holidays. The discussion is with Sir John Robartes and takes place at his chambers in Whitehall Palace.
  • Samuel visits a Mrs. Sarah and Mrs. Betty at Sir Edward Montagu's lodgings at Whitehall Palace.
  • Samuel drinks with a group of civil servants ('Exchequer men') at the Dog.
  • Samuel has a discussion about maritime law with Edward Falconberg.
  • Samuel meets William Prior (of Brampton) at Thomas Pepys' house.
  • Samuel returns home by coach.
  • Samuel works at the Navy Office. We know that both Sir William Penn and Batten are present at the office too as they complain about Pepys' frequent absence!
  • Samuel writes letters from his home.
  • Samuel reads more of Selden's Mare Clausum.
  • Also occurring today was the christening of John Hunt - an event that was attended by Elizabeth Pepys.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 19th December 1661
Topic map for 20th December 1661
Topic map for 21st December 1661

Core ontology for the diary.
Cultural artifacts in the diary.
People in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 01:46 PM

December 19, 2004

Pepys-Map : 15th - 18th December 1661

Four entries posted today - although all are relatively short entries.

Events for 15th December 1661 are as follows:

  • Samuel attends morning service at St. Olave.
  • William Penn dines with Pepys at his home.
  • Samuel attends the afternoon service at St. Olave.
  • Elizabeth argues with her maid, Nell.
  • Samuel reads Grotius' Mare Liberum and Selden's Mare Clausum. These two texts are modelled as topics as are their respective authors.

For 16th December 1661:

  • James Bollen visits Samuel Pepys at home.
  • Bollen and Pepys travel by coach to the Wardrobe to call on Henry Moore.
  • Bollen, Moore and Pepys travel on to Chelsea to the home of the Privy Seal, Sir John Robartes.
  • Bollen, Moore, Pepys and Robartes attend to Privy Seal business.
  • Elizabeth Pepys visits Elizabet Hunt (this takes place while Samuel is working).
  • Samuel, Elizabeth and Sarah dine at Sir Edward Montagu's lodgings. I have assumed that "Sarah" refers to Elizabeth's maid.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth attend a perfomance of 'Cutter of Coleman Street' at the Opera.
  • The Pepys return home by coach.

For 17th December:

  • Samuel visits Mr. Savill to view the progress on his portrait.
  • Samuel is called to work at the Privy Seal (this is simply modelled as a working event).
  • Samuel works at the Navy Office.
  • Samuel has supper at home.
  • Samuel reads more of Selden's 'Mare Clausum'.

For 18th December:

  • Samuel works at the Navy office.
  • Elizabeth sits for Mr. Savill.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth dine with Jemima Montagu. I have assumed that the location referred to by Pepys as "Lady Sandwich's" is the Montagu's main London residence.
  • Samuel and his brother Thomas visit Jane Turner.
  • Samuel returns to the Montagu's.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth return home.


New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 15th December 1661
Topic map for 16th December 1661
Topic map for 17th December 1661
Topic map for 18th December 1661

Cultural artifacts in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 12:42 PM | Comments (0)

December 15, 2004

Pepys-Map : 13th - 14th December 1661

Two more entries posted today.

In the entry for 13th December 1661, the following events are modelled:

  • Samuel dines at home.
  • Elizabeth Pepys sits for Mr. Savill's portrait while Samuel watches. Samuel's role is modelled using the 'audience' role type.
  • The Pepys return home.
  • Samuel works at the Navy Office with Penn and Batten.
  • Pepys, Penn and Batten drink at the Steelyard (a merchants area in the city) and are joined by Elizabeth Batten and John Cox. This is all modelled as a single drinking event.
  • There is some musical performance during the group's time at the tavern. This is modelled as a performance event, but we are not told who is the performer or what is performed. The drinkers in the previous event are all assumed to have been audience to the performance.
  • Samuel returns home by coach.

The entry for 14th December 1661 is quite short and only the following events are modelled:

  • Sameul and Elizabeth dine at home.
  • Samuel works at the Navy Office.
  • Samuel returns home from the office.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 13th December 1661.
Topic map for 14th December 1661.

Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 12:38 PM

December 13, 2004

Pepys-Map : 12th December 1661

In the entry for 12th December 1661 the following events are modelled:

  • William Bowyer and John Gregory visit Samuel at his home.
  • Pepys, Bowyer and Gregory go to the Dolphin for their morning draught.
  • Samuel dines with Lady Montagu and Sir John Crew at the Wardrobe.
  • Samuel goes to Westminster in search of Sir John Robartes.
  • Pepys and Robartes work on Privy Office matters.
  • Pepys visits William Penn at his home.

In the course of writing up today's topic map, I discovered (thanks to my birthday present to myself of the L&M Companion volume) that I have made a couple of errors in the interpretation of the diary.

Firstly, "The Wardrobe" is most likely a reference to the headquarters of the Kings Great Wardrobe which was off Puddle Dock Hill and not in Wardrobe Court. Secondly, Pepys frequent business with the Lord Privy Seal is as a result of him acting as deputy for Sir Edward Montagu who holds the position of clerk in the Privy Office. So in fact, when Pepys works with the Lord Privy Seal, it is more likely on Privy Office business than on Navy business.

To address the first issue, I have created a new topic representing the headquarters of the Wardrobe at Puddle Dock Hill. The second issue raises the problem of the names of certain events which may be misleading. There is also the issue of making retrospective changes to the entries made so far. My feeling is that the best way to do this is to consolidate the entries into a single topic map and then use either tolog or a TM4J application of some sort to manipulate topics as required. More thought is needed on this.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 12th December 1661,

Dates in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 06:02 PM | Comments (0)

December 12, 2004

Pepys-Map : 9th - 11th December 1661

Three more entries posted today for 9th, 10th, and 11th December 1661. As there are no real new modelling issues to confront in these entries, I just provide the links to the new and updated topic maps.

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 9th December 1661
Topic map for 10th December 1661
Topic map for 11th December 1661

Dates in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 09:15 PM

December 09, 2004

Pepys-Map : 7th - 8th December 1661

The first entry covered today is for 7th December 1661 and requires the introduction of a new event type. The events modelled are:

  • Captain Ferrers and Emmanuel Luffe visit Samuel Pepys at home.
  • Emmanuel Luffe plays Samuel's theoboro (modelled as a performance event).
  • Ferrers and Luffe breakfast with Pepys.
  • When they leave, Samuel and Elizabeth discuss purchases for Elizabeth.
  • Meanwhile, Ferrers and Luffe have a run-in with some watermen at Tower Stairs. This is modelled as a conflict event that occurs during Samuel and Elizabeth's discussion event.
  • During the fight, Emmanuel Luffe receives a head wound. This is modelled as a new type of event - an injury event. The injury event type is subclassed from the health event type. Emmanuel Luffe is modelled as the injured party (a role subclassed from patient).
  • Luffe returns to Seething Lane and Elizabeth treats his wounds (the travelling event is implied).
  • Henry Moore and Samuel Pepys visit Ned Montagu at Worcester House but are unable to see him. This is modelled as a visit to Worcester House.
  • Pepys and Moore dine at Wilkinson's cookhouse.
  • Samuel works at the Privy Seal.
  • Samuel travels to the Navy Office by boat.
  • Samuel works at the Navy Office.
  • Captain Holmes arrives at the Navy office and he talks to Samuel. Amongst other things, Samuel hears of Holmes' opinion of Sir John Minnes. This is all modelled as a discussion event that occurrs during the preceding working event, with John Minnes as the subject of the discussion.
  • John Cox visits Samuel at the Navy Office.
  • Samuel returns home and writes a letter to his father. Again the travelling event is implied in the change of location for this event from the preceding event.

For 8th December, the following events are modelled:

  • Samuel receives a letter from William Smallwood, conveying Tom Trice's answer to Pepys' Chancery bill. This is modelled as a correspondence event between Smallwood and Pepys with the subject of the event being Pepys' Chancery bill.
  • Samuel dines at the Wardrobe with Lady Montagu.
  • Lady Montagu tells Samuel of the christening of William Rumbold's son Charles. The christening itsel is also modelled as a separate event.
  • Thomas Pepys (the brother) visits Samuel at his home.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 7th December 1661.
Topic map for 8th December 1661.

Core ontology for the diary.
Dates in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 07:01 PM

December 07, 2004

Pepys-Map : 6th December 1661

In the entry for 6th December 1661, the following events are modelled:

  • Samuel meets friends at Westminster hall.
  • Samuel and friends drink wine at The Dog.
  • Samuel, Penn and Batten dine as guests of George Carteret at his lodgings in Whitehall Palace. According to L&M, this would be the lodgings granted to Carteret by his position as Vice Chamberlain, hence the location topic is named "Lodgings of the Vice Chamberlain". The lodgings are not within the confines of Whitehall Palace as shown in L&M, but are instead in the Great Court which adjoins the palace.
  • Signing of a contract. This is a charter granted to the East India company by the Crown. Pepys only says that the East India Company is represented by "govenors", but there are no names nor any numbers. For now I have only modelled the people that we know to be present (Pepys, Penn, Batten and Carteret as witnesses). The charter itself is modelled as an item (in the artifacts topic map) and is made the subject of this event and of the following discussion event.
  • A discussion with the King. Pepys, Penn, Batten and Carteret have a discussion with the King and the Duke of York in the Kings Closet. The Kings Closet is part of Whitehall Palace and so its location is modelled using a located-in relationship.
  • Samuel and the others return to Carteret's lodgings to complete their business. This is modelled as a working event.
  • Samuel speaks with the Lord Privy Seal in the Council Chambers. This is also modelled as a working event. Again the Council Chambers are a part of Whitehall Palace.
  • Pepys returns home by coach with Penn and Batten.

Topic map for 6th December 1661

Artifacts in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 06:47 PM

December 06, 2004

Pepys-Map : 3rd-5th December 1661

Three more topic maps posted today covering the period from 3rd to 5th December 1661.

Events modelled for 3rd December 1661

  • Samuel sits for Mr. Savill
  • Samuel visits the Wardrobe
  • Samuel and Henry Moore go to the Temple to work on Pepys' legal business. I have assumed here that this is the Chancery bill against Tom Trice.
  • Samuel dines with Lady Montagu and Lady Wright.
  • Samuel travels to the Navy Office by boat.
  • Sam returns home.

Events for 4th December 1661:

  • Samuel travels to Whitehall with Williams Batten and Penn. Samuel reports seeing the body of a man who drowned the previous day. This is recorded as a separate death event.
  • Samuel goes to the Temple to deal with the surrender of Sturtlow.
  • Samuel and others dine at the 3 Tuns.
  • After dinner, Sam takes a boat to Cheapside to meet his wife at Mr. Savills. This gives us evidence for the location of the painter's workshop which is now recorded as being on Cheapside.
  • Elizabeth sits for Mr. Savill.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth return home by coach.

Events for 5th December 1661:

  • Samuel sits for Mr. Savill
  • Samuel and William Batten work on Navy business at the Treasury Office
  • William Batten dines at home.
  • Batten returns to the Treasury Office.
  • William Penn dines with Pepys at his home.
  • Penn, Pepys and his wife travel to the Opera by coach.
  • Penn travels on to Whitehall by coach.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth attend a performance of Hamlet at the Opera.
  • The pair visit Jane Turner at her home.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth return home.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 3rd December 1661.
Topic map for 4th December 1661.
Topic map for 5th December 1661.

Cultural artifacts in the diary.
Places in the diary.
Dates in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 07:01 PM

December 03, 2004

Pepys-Map : 2nd December 1661

Although short, the entry for 2nd December 1661 results in quite a few separate events.

  • An initial sequence in which Samuel goes to Mr. Savills; finds him out; meets Henry Moore on the way home and the pair then return to Seething Lane. This results in the following sequence of events in the topic map:
    • Samuel travels from Seething Lane to Mr. Savills place of business.
    • Samuel travels from Mr. Savills place of business and stops at some unamed place en-route to his home.
    • Samuel meets Henry Moore that the unamed place where the previous travelling event ended.
    • Samuel and Henry Moore travel from the meeting point to Pepys home.
  • Pepys and Moore talk at Pepys home.
  • Henry Moore dines with Samuel Pepys.
  • Henry Moore takes his leave to do some work at the Lord Privy's office. This is modelled simply as a working-event taking place at the Lord Privy chambers with Moore as the worker.
  • Clement Sankey and Mary Archer call on Samuel Pepys at home.
  • All three go to the Opera by coach.
  • A performance of 'The Mad Lover' attended by Pepys, Clement Sankey and Mary Archer.
  • Clement Sankey and Mary Archer dine with Pepys at his home.

You might notice that in some cases the travelling has been modelled in more detail than in other cases. For example, Sam's return home from Mr. Savill is modelled as having two legs, but this is in some way necessary to model his meeting Henry Moore (the alternative being to simply model the meeting with Moore as being an event that occurred during the journey from Savill's to Pepyp's home). On the other hand the trio of Clement Sankey, Mary Archer and Samuel Pepys must have travelled *back* from the Opera in order to participate in the final dining-event at Pepys' home, however I have chosen not to model this particular travelling event at all as the fact that they all changed location can be deduced from the location of the performance event and the subsequent dining event and we have no additional information (such as mode of transport) to convey.

This question of the level of detail of the modelling is something that occurs in many places in the work on the diary. Another good example is the modelling of event sequencing. Right now there is an implicit event sequencing that uses sort names for the events so that they sort into (approximately) chronological order. A more explicit way to model this would be to specify the start and end points of events relative to each other (e.g. event A starts after event B). At the moment, the choice to not model this information is a question of balancing the additional manual effort against the additional information conveyed. Some helpful tooling could quite possibly change my mind...

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 2nd December 1661.

Cultural artifacts in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 06:29 PM

December 02, 2004

Pepys-Map : 1st December 1661

In today's posting for 1st December 1661, the following events are modelled:

  • Samuel attends the morning service at St. Olaves.
  • Clement Sankey dines with the Pepys.
  • After diner, Samuel and Clement drink and talk...
  • ...while Elizabeth goes to the afternoon service at St. Olaves.
  • Clement Sankey stays for supper with the Pepys. We are told that the meal includes brawn and gherkins.
  • Samuel and his brother Thomas discuss Thomas Townshend's daughter.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 1st December 1661.

Cultural artifacts in the diary.
People in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 06:54 PM

November Update

The full topic map for the Pepys Diary up to the end of November 1661 is now available for download as a 3.3MB XTM file or browsing online.

Posted by Kal at 06:49 PM

December 01, 2004

Pepys-Map : 30th November 1661

Final entry for November. The following events are modelled for 30th November 1661:

  • Samuel works on legal matters with Lewis Phillips and Dr. John Williams at the Temple. I have assumed that this work is to do with Pepys' Chancery bill against Tom Trice and so have made that the subject of the working-event.
  • Samuel dines at the Wardrobe.
  • Samuel travels home from the Wardrobe.
  • Pepys works at the Navy Office.
  • Pepys, Batten and Cocke drink a bottle of sack at the Navy Office.
  • Pepys returns home from the Navy Office.

The monthly roundup will go up soon - it comes out at 3.3 meg of XTM (yikes!). Watch this blog!

New and update topic maps:

Topic map for 30th November 1661.

Posted by Kal at 10:10 PM | Comments (0)

November 30, 2004

Pepys-Map : 28th - 29th November 1661

Two more entries posted.

The events for 28th November 1661 are modelled as follows:

  • Samuel receives letters from Sir Edward Montagu in Tangier. The letters are brought to him from Whitehall by Will Hewer - although Will didn't carry the letters all the way from Tangier, I have recorded his role as "courier" in the correspondence event.
  • Samuel and Peter Pett work at the Navy Office.
  • Samuel and Denis Gauden start on a journey to Whitehall but get waylaid at a tavern on Mark Lane.
  • The pair continue on from the tavern by coach.
  • Pepys and Gauden visit Sir George Carteret (the Navy Treasurer).
  • They then visit visit Sir Edward Hyde (the Chancellor).
  • Pepys and Gauden drink with many others at the Fountain Inn.
  • Finally the pair walk home.

I did not attempt to model the reported news that Montagu recaptured an "Englishman" (a ship ?) belonging to a Mr. Parker.

The events for 29th November 1661 are:

  • Samuel goes to Westminster Hall. This is at the summons of William's Batten and Penn, but this fact is not modelled.
  • Pepys, Batten, Penn and George Carteret dine as guests of William Coventry.
  • Pepys, Batten and Penn travel to Whitehall by boat.
  • The trio disucss Navy business with the Duke of York. Captain Robert Holmes is mentioned as one of the subjects of discussion - this is modelled using an event-subject association. Also mentioned as a subject of discussion is the striking of sails by foreign ships on the Thames - but with no topic to represent this rathe complex subject, I've not attempted to associate it with the discussion event.
  • Samuel and William Penn attend a performance of the play 'Love at First Sight'. Due to a full house, the pair are forced to separate for the performance. Thus I have modelled each one's participation as a member of the audience separately. Samuel pays 18d for his seat - this is modelled as a purchase-price occurrence on the performance event and scoped by the topic for Samuel.
  • Samuel returns home via St. Pauls Churchyard.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 28th November 1661.
Topic map for 29th November 1661.

Cultural artifacts in the diary.
Dates in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 09:23 PM

November 28, 2004

Pepys-Map : 27th November 1661

In today's entry, the following events are modelled:

  • The maid Dorothy leaves the employ of the Pepys. This is modelled by setting today as the end date for the office-holding event that connects Dorothy to the office of "Pepys' Maid".
  • Samuel sits for Mr. Savill. This required a new event type of "Portrait Sitting" with Samuel playing the role "Portrait Sitter" and Mr. Savill playing the role "Painter".
  • Samuel dines with Lady Jemima Montagu.
  • Samuel and Lady Montagu have a discussion. Pepys gives the subject of discussion as 'divinity' which I have interpreted here by making "Religion" the subject of the discussion event.
  • Samuel, Robert Ferrers and Henry Moore attend a performance of Hamlet at the Theatre Royal.
  • Samuel returns home from the theatre.
  • Elizabeth Pepys and Mary Wight visit Lady Montagu. I have assumed that this event must have taken place after Samuel's visit to Lady Montagu and have finished before his return home.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 27th November 1661.

Core ontology for the diary.
Dates in the diary.
People in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 09:29 PM

November 27, 2004

Pepys-Map : 25th - 26th November 1661

Two more entries posted today.

In the entry for 25th November 1661, the following events are modelled:

  • Samuel and David Lambert visit Westminster Hall.
  • Samuel meets Clement Stankey at Westminster Hall.
  • Samuel and David Lambert have wine and oysters at The Dog.
  • Samuel dines with William Penn and Edward Massey at The Swan.
  • Samuel and William Penn attend a performance of The Country Captain.
  • Samuel attends a performance of The Bondman which is also attended by Clement Stankey and Mary Archer.
  • The trio go to The Fleece, but they do not end up drinking there.
  • The trio travel to The Mitre by coach.
  • Drinking at the Mitre
  • Samuel and Clement Stankey accompany Mary Archer to her home in Old Jewry.
  • More drinking at the Mitre.
  • Samuel returns home. In the diary he says that he drinks until well after midnight, so this event occurs on 26th November 1661.

Events for 26th November 1661 are:

  • A large dinner at the Wight's house with a number of guests including Pepys and his wife.
  • Samuel works at the Navy Office.
  • Samuel, Williams Penn and Batten and others drink at the Navy Office.
  • Samuel returns home from the office.
  • At some point during the day, Elizabeth has an argument with her maid Dorothy.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 25th November 1661.
Topic map for 26th November 1661.

People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 10:57 PM | Comments (0)

November 26, 2004

Pepys-Map : 23rd-24th November 1661

Two more entries posted today.

In the entry for 23rd November 1661 the following events are modelled:

  • Samuel and Elizabeth travel to Westminster. We are not told the method of travel.
  • Elizabeth visits her father.
  • The couple return home (we are not told what Samuel did while Elizabeth was at her father's).
  • Samuel works at the Navy Office.
  • Samuel and Peter Pett travel to Cheapside by coach...
  • ...where Samuel meets with the portait painter Savill.
  • Samuel dines at the Wardrobe.
  • More work at the Navy Office.
  • Samuel, Williams Penn and Batten and George Cocke drink and play cards at Samuel's house. This is modelled as two separate events - a recreation event and a drinking event that overlap.
  • William Penn dines with the Pepys.
  • Samuel also tells us that he has sent a chine of beef to William Wight as a gift. This is modelled as a gift-event.

For 24th November 1661, the following events are modelled:

  • Samuel and George Cocke attend church at St. Clements Eastcheap. The sermon is given by Josias Alsop.
  • Samuel and George Cocke go for a drink at the Sun tavern on Threadneedle St.
  • Samuel visits Lady Jemima Montagu at the Wardrobe and while there has dinner. This is modelled as a visiting event with a dining event occurring during it.
  • Samuel visits Jane Turner, who we are told is ill. The visit is modelled as one event and the illness as a separate event starting before this day.
  • Samuel drinks with John Young and Daniel Rawlinson at the Mitre.
  • Samuel dines with William Batten.
  • Samuel receives an invitation to dinner from William Wight. As Pepys makes it obvious that this is a result of the gift he made the previous day, I have added a cause-result association between the gift event and the correspondence event for the receipt of the invitation.

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 23rd November 1661.
Topic map for 24th November 1661.

Core ontology for the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 09:32 AM | Comments (0)

November 25, 2004

Pepys-Map : 22nd November 1661

The entry for 22nd November 1661 seems to involve a lot of financial transactions. Presumably such transactions occur quite frequently without mention, but in this entry Pepys gives us some idea of the costs of his life-style. The events modelled are:

  • Dinner at the Dolphin with William Batten & family and George Cocke and his wife.
  • A performance by an unamed group of musicians for the diners.
  • A payment of 40s made to the musicians for their services. In this case, I have treated the performance event above as the item purchased. As in previous instances, the purchase price of the item is attached to the item using an occurrence.
  • A payment of 4l. for the dinner. The recipient of this money is not specified.
  • Samuel travels to the Temple by foot.
  • Samuel pays 30s. for legal advice from John Fountaine. The advice (the thing purchased) is modelled as an item.

Also in this entry a new maid, Sarah, is hired by Elizabeth Pepys, This office-holding event is modelled in the pepys-diary-people.ltm topic map.

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 22nd November 1661

People in the diary.
Dates in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 09:18 AM

November 24, 2004

Pepys-Map : 13th - 21st November

Another big batch update as I try and catch up. This time 9 new topic maps uploaded going from 13th November to 21st November Again there are no major modelling issues here, although a new event type, "Sleeping" was introduced to model Sam falling asleep in church...

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 13th November 1661
Topic map for 14th November 1661
Topic map for 15th November 1661
Topic map for 16th November 1661
Topic map for 17th November 1661
Topic map for 18th November 1661
Topic map for 19th November 1661
Topic map for 20th November 1661
Topic map for 21st November 1661

Core ontology for the diary.
Artifacts in the diary.
Cultural artifacts in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 10:57 PM | Comments (0)

November 18, 2004

Pepys-Map : 8th - 12th November 1661

I'm posting entries for five days from 8th to 12th November 1661 inclusive.

There are no new modelling challenges raised by any of these new entries.

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 8th November 1661.
Topic map for 9th November 1661.
Topic map for 10th November 1661.
Topic map for 11th November 1661.
Topic map for 12th November 1661.
Cultural artifacts in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 08:40 PM | Comments (0)

November 14, 2004

Pepys-Map : 6th - 7th November 1661

Posting two more entries today.

Events for 6th November 1661 are:

  • Samuel breakfasts with John Davenport, Mr. Furbisher and William Bernard at the Sun tavern. A breakfast of wine, anchovies and pickled oysters doesn't seem like the best way to start the day to me.
  • Samuel goes from the breakfast to dinner with Nicholas Osborne and his wife at the Victualling Office.
  • Sam visits Henry Moore (we are not told where the visit takes place).
  • Samuel goes to see the Lord Privy Seal on business.
  • Samuel plays the lute at home (modelled as a performance event).

Events for 7th November 1661 are:

  • Roger Hill visits Samuel at his home. I have not modelled Mr. Hill's desire to teach Samuel to play the Theoboro, nor Samuel's determination for him not to.
  • Samuel works at the Navy Office
  • Peter Pett dines as a guest of Samuel's
  • Samuel calls on Tom Trice and they discuss a writ that Trice is to serve against Samuel's father. The writ is modelled as an item that is the subject of the discussion event used to describe this meeting.
  • Samuel visits Dr. Williams.
  • Samuel visits Henry Moore for advice. I have assumed that the advice Samuel seeks is on the writ, and so I have made the writ the subject of the discussion event that describes this meeting.
  • Samuel calls on Thomas Fenner.
  • Samuel receives a letter from Sir Edward Montagu in Lisbon.

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 6th November 1661.
Topic map for 7th November 1661.

Artifacts in the diary.
Cultural artifacts in the diary.
Dates in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 07:57 PM

November 09, 2004

Pepys-Map : 5th November

I've fallen a little bit behind with the topic maps due to travelling.

The events modelled for 5th November 1661 are as follows:

  • Samuel works at the Navy Office.
  • Thomas Pepys and William Armiger dine with Samuel at the Pepys' house.
  • Samuel and William Penn pay a visit to Elizabeth Batten.
  • William Batten travels to Chatham (the travelling event started some time before Pepys and Penn visit Lady Batten).
  • Samuel, Penn and George Cocke go drinking at the Dolphin Tavern
  • Pepys and Penn return to Lady Batten's
  • Pepys returns home from the Batten's.

In addition to posting this entry, I've begun to make changes to the representation of marriage. Up to now, marriage has been represented as a simple association like:

married-to(samuel-pepys : spouse, elizabeth-pepys : spouse)

Marriage is now modelled as an event, allowing us to specify the temporal bounds on the marriage and to use the marriage as a subject in its own right.
I've made use of scoped names to present different ways of presenting and indexing the marriage event. e.g.

[thomas-katherine-fenner-marriage
  = "Marriage of Thomas Fenner and Katherine Kite"
  = "Marriage to Katherine Kite";"Fenner, Thomas;marriage to Katherine Kite" / thomas-fenner
  = "Marriage to Thomas Fenner";"Kite, Katherine;marriage to Thomas Fenner" / katherine-kite]
participation(
  thomas-katherine-fenner-marriage : event,
  katherine-kite : spouse, 
  thomas-fenner : spouse )

This is particularly useful for scoping the married name of women. e.g.

[katherine-kite : woman = "Katherine Kite"; "Kite, Katherine"
  = "Katherine Fenner";"Fenner, Katherine" / thomas-katherine-fenner-marriage
  @"http://www.pepysdiary.com/p/750.php"]

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 5th November 1661.
Family relationships ontology.
People in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 01:19 PM | Comments (0)

November 05, 2004

Pepys-Map : 3rd - 4th November

Two more days of events posted today. The events modelled for 3rd November are:

  • Samuel takes medication (presumably for his unmentionable swelling...).
  • Samuel reads Thomas Fuller's 'History of Holy War'.
  • Samuel attempts (and gives up) composing a song extolling his virtues as a man of liberal genius. This is modelled simply as a recreation event involving Sam as the only participant.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth dine on pullet.

For 4th November, the following events are modelled:

  • Samuel, Elizabeth and William Penn share a coach to Whitehall.
  • Elizabeth visits Mrs. Hunt.
  • Samuel and William Penn do some business (presumably Navy business) with William Coventry.
  • Samuel, Elizabeth and Penn return home by coach.
  • Samuel dines at the Mitre with many others. The dinner is described as including chine of beef and marrowbones.
  • Elizabeth visits Thomas Pepys.
  • Sam takes a coach to Thomas Pepys' home to pick up Elizabeth.
  • Sam and Elizabeth travel to the Opera by coach.
  • A performance of 'The Bondman' at the Opera. We are told that there has been a previous performance at Salisbury Court Playhouse. We also know that Betterton is in today's performance.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth travel home together by coach as far as William Wight's house.
  • Elizabeth continues home by coach.
  • Samuel visits William Wight.

New and updated topic maps :

Topic map for 3rd November 1661
Topic map for 4th November 1661

Core ontology for the diary.
Culture in the diary.
People in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 10:59 PM | Comments (0)

November 03, 2004

Pepys-Map : 2nd November 1661

Today's entry introduces one new event type and the problems of the unknown. There is also an editorial note on names.

The events modelled for this entry are:


  • Samuel works at the Navy Office, joined by William Penn and the new Comptorller of the Navy Sir John Mennes. Sir John's new position is modelled as an office holding event (starting today and finishing in the year 1671)

  • Samuel dines as a guest of Lady Jemima Montagu at Wardrobe Court.

  • Samuel travels home by coach with "the two young ladies" from the Wardrobe. It is not clear who those ladies are, so they are modelled here as two unknown women.

  • Samuel's female guests return "home" by coach with Captain Ferrers. By home, I have assumed that the ladies in question live with Lady Montague, though there is no real proof of that.

  • Wayneman Birch, one of Samuel's servants, lets off some gunpowder outside the house.

  • Elizabeth Pepys "chides" young Birch. This is modelled as a new type of event, "chastisement" with Birch being the "chastised" and Elizabeth the "chastiser". The cause of the chastisement (the letting off of gunpowder) is modelled using the cause-result association introduced previously.

  • Another chastisement event (a beating this time) befalls young Birch when Samuel finds out and catches him lying about where he got the gunpowder from. Kids today, huh?

On the subject of names, it is a common problem with the diary that multiple spellings of names exist. For example in today's entry, the new Comptroller is referred to by Pepys as "Sir John Minnes", but by Latham and Matthews as "Sir John Mennes". Having recently purchased Robert Latham's index to the diaries, I am proposing to now use the head name as the principle display/sort name for all people and places covered by the index. This means that I have some editorial work to do, particularly as Latham uses women's maiden name as the head entry in the index where possible, but it should hopefully lead to a more consistent approach to naming and to the specification of sort names.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 2nd November 1661.

Core ontology for the diary.
Dates in the diary.
People in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 10:44 AM | Comments (0)

November 02, 2004

Pepys-Map : 1st November 1661

Today's entry has the following events modelled:

  • Samuel and Wiilliam Penn travel to Westminster by coach.
  • Samuel does business with Ned Montagu.
  • Samuel meets William Penn at Whitehall
  • Samuel and Penn dine at the 3 Tuns at Charing Cross, and then go on to the theatre for a performance of 'The Jovial Crew'
  • Samuel, Penn and Penn's son (also William and latterly the more famous of the two) dine at Samuel's house.

The diary mentions that Penn the younger is "lately come from Oxford". I wonder if this is because it is the end of term or if it is as a result of his expulsion (he was expelled from Christ Church for being a Quaker). If it is the latter, then it might be quite good to add this as another event.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 1st November 1661.
Dates in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 10:35 AM | Comments (0)

Pepys-Map : October roundup

The full Pepys topic map up to the end of October 1661 is now posted.

You can browse the topic map or download the XTM file (2.6M).

Comments are welcome!

Posted by Kal at 09:43 AM | Comments (0)

Pepys-Map : 31st October 1661

The events modelled for 31st October 1661 are as follows:

  • Samuel works at the Navy Office
  • While Samuel is at the Navy Office, William Prior calls on Pepys at his home on Seething Lane. As with previous events where a visitor finds that the person they intend to see is not present, this is modelled as William Prior visiting the Seething Lane house location, but not visiting a particular person.
  • Samuel and William Prior meet at Thomas Pepys' residence to discuss the sale of Mr Barton's house. The sale is modelled as an event of type "Legal Transaction" and is made the subject of a discussion event.
  • Samuel discusses matters arising from the court case at Gravely with Sir Robert Bernard. This is modelled as a discussion event, with the subject role being played by the court session event from the topic map for 20th September 1661.
  • Samuel and Thomas Fenner drink at an unamed alehouse.

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 31st October 1661.
Artifacts in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 09:35 AM | Comments (0)

October 29, 2004

Pepys-Map : 25th - 28th October 1661

Four more entries posted today.

The events modelled for 25th October 1661 are:

  • Samuel goes to Whitehall Palace. We are not told how or for what reason, so only a travelling event is modelled.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth dine with Jemima Montague at the Wardrobe.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth attend a performance of 'Love and Honour'.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth meet Elizabeth Pearse and Mrs. Clifford in the street.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth walk home via George Hunt's shop where Sam checks on the repairs to his lute.
  • Samuel chastises Will Hewer for showing a lack of respect to him and his wife.

For 26th October the modelled events are:

  • Henry Mordaunt and George Carteret visit William Penn and Samuel at the Navy Office.
  • Samuel and William Penn attend a performance of 'The Country Captain' at the Theatre Royal.
  • Samuel receives news of the death of Robert Slingsby. The death is modelled as one event and Samuel's receipt of the news as a separate event.
  • Samuel and William Penn drink at the Mitre.

For 27th October:

  • Samuel attends church at St. Olaves where he and Penn and Batten discuss Slingsby's death.
  • Samuel dines at home.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth attend church at St. Olaves.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth dine with William and Mary Wight.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth return home from the Wights'.

Finally, for 28th October:

  • Samuel works at the Navy Office.
  • Samuel dines at home.
  • Samuel retrieves his repaired lute from George Hunt, paying 29s. for it. This event is modelled as new annotations on the original repair event created for 9th October 1661. We add the end date for the repair, an occurrence recording the price as 29s., and add a participation association that has George Hunt playing the role of 'repairer'.
  • Samuel, Robert Ferrers and a friend of Ferrers' go to a performance of Argalus and Parthenia at the Theatre Royal.
  • The three men then go drinking at the Ringo Alehouse.
  • Samuel purchases a belt from a belt-maker that he sends for from the alehouse.

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 25th October 1661
Topic map for 27th October 1661
Topic map for 28th October 1661
Topic map for 29th October 1661

Core ontology for the diary.
Cultural artifacts in the diary.
Dates in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 01:49 PM | Comments (0)

October 25, 2004

Pepys-Map : 23rd-24th October 1661

Two more entries posted today.

In the entry for 23rd October 1661, the following events are modelled:

  • Samuel breakfasts with William Penn and Daniel Tresswell at Tresswell's lodgings in Whitehall.
  • Samuel dines with William Penn at the Leg tavern in King Street.
  • Samuel and Penn take a coach to the Lord Privy Seal's home in Chelsea.
  • Samuel and Penn discuss business of Penn's with the Lord Privy Seal. Is this the same business as referred to in the entry for 21st October 1661 ? It is not clear from the entry, so I have not set an event subject for this event.
  • Samuel attends another performance of 'Love and Honour' at the Opera.
  • Samuel visits Robert Slingsby at his home.
  • Thomas Holliard calls on Robert Slingsby while Sam is there. It seems from the entry that Holliard might have offered medical advice to both Pepys and Slingsby, but there is nothing concrete to model.

In this day's entry, Samuel also mentions that the workers at the Navy Office have been invited to the Lord Mayor's dinner. At present I am not sure of the best way to model this. It could be a form of correspondence event, although the way it is described I think that it might be second-hand news received from Slingsby (who is Sam's boss at the Navy Office). I've flagged this as a TODO in the LTM topic map for today.

The entry for 24th October 1661 is modelled as follows:

  • Samuel works at the Navy Office.

  • Samuel dines with Peter Llewellyn. We are not told where (perhaps at the Pepys' home ?)

  • Samuel visits Robert Slingsby at his home.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 23rd October 1661
Topic map for 24th October 1661

People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 08:09 PM | Comments (0)

October 23, 2004

Pepys-Map : 21st-22nd October 1661

Entries for 21st and 22nd October posted today.

Events modelled for 21st October:


  • Samuel takes a coach with Henry Moore to Sir John Robarte's house in Chelsea, but find him not at home.

  • Sam and Henry Moore have breakfast (cake and ale!) with John Pargiter at some unknown location.

  • Samuel goes to the Lord Privy Chambers and there has a discussion with William Penn about some business of Penn's.

  • Samuel dines at the Wardrobe.

  • Sam attends a performance of William Davenant's "Love and Honour" at the Opera in Lincolns Inn Fields.

  • Sam travels home and once there does some work before retiring.

For 22nd October, the following events are modelled:


  • Samuel works at the Navy Office.

  • A deputation from the Duke of York visits the Navy Office. To model this, I have created a new topic type for a group of people. We are not told who is in this particular group, nor if they specifically visit Samuel. For this reason I have simply modelled the event as the group visiting the Navy Office.

  • Samuel visits Robert Slingsby who is suffering from a fever. The illness is modelled as a separate event that is known to have started on or before this day.

  • Samuel visits his aunts Mary Wight and Sarah Norbury. It is not clear if he visits the pair separately or together. I have assumed the latter due to the family relationship between Wight and Norbury (they are sisters). It seems likely, therefore, that Sam went to visit Aunt Wight and found that Aunt Norbury was there too.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 21st October 1661.
Topic map for 22nd October 1661.

Core ontology for the diary.
Cultural artifacts in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 06:23 PM | Comments (0)

October 21, 2004

Pepys-Map : 18th-20th October 1661

Three new entries mapped today with one new concept added.

The diary entry for 18th October gives details of Pepys' self-treatment for his swollen groin. To model this I have created a new type of event, "medication-event" which should typically have role players "patient", "applied-by" (not necessarily a doctor, as in this case) and "medication". I have created a subclass of medication "poultice" to cover this particular treatment, and then made an instance of this class ("bran and vinegar poultice"). The entry for the diary event is:

[event-16611018-06 : medication-event 
  = "Samuel applies a poultice to his tumor (18th October 1661)";"16611018-06"]
occurs(event-16611018-06 : event, today : on)
participation(event-16611018-06 : event, 
  samuel-pepys : patient,
  samuel-pepys : applied-by,
  bran-poultice : medication)
[bran-poultice : poultice = "A poultice of bran and vinegar"]
{bran-poultice, description, 
  [[...a poultice of a good handful of bran with half a pint of vinegar and a pint of 
water boiled till it be thick, and then a spoonful of honey put to it and so spread
in a cloth and laid to it]] } / samuel-pepys

Note: the definitions for the medication-event topic type and the patient and applied-by role types are contained in the pepys-diary-ontology.ltm file. The definitions for the medication topic type and the poultice topic type are in the pepys-diary-culture.ltm file.

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 18th October 1661.
Topic map for 19th October 1661.
Topic map for 20th October 1661.

Core ontology for the diary.
Cultural artifacts in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 10:22 AM | Comments (0)

October 18, 2004

Pepys-Map : 12th - 17th October

A batch update of missed posts from this week, though most of the entries were quite short. A few new people an places have been introduced. One interesting example is that of "The Exchequer" which, like many government functions is the name of both a building and an institution. To avoid the Topic Naming Constraint which requires that two topics with the same name in the same scope get merged, the building and institution are modelled as follows:

[exchequer-institution : institution = "The Exchequer (institution)";"Exchequer, The;institution"
  = "The Exchequer" / institution
  @"http://www.pepysdiary.com/p/290.php"]
[exchequer-building : building 
  = "The Exchequer (building)";"Exchequer, The;building"
  = "The Exchequer" / building
  @"http://www.pepysdiary.com/p/242.php"]

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 12th October 1661
Topic map for 13th October 1661
Topic map for 14th October 1661
Topic map for 15th October 1661
Topic map for 16th October 1661
Topic map for 17th October 1661

Culture in the diary.
Dates in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 04:26 PM

October 12, 2004

Pepys-Map : 11th October 1661

A very short entry today as Pepys is suffering from a 'bruise' which keeps him in bed all day. The only event is the arrival of his brother Thomas, cousin Thomas and John Snow (a relative by marriage) for dinner which Pepys himself is not able to attend.

However, I seem to have inadvertently censored Pepys illness from yesterdays topicmap (possibly because the thought of a 'late bruise in one of my testicles' is just a bit too painful). So that has been added, with 10th October recorded as the start date.

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 10th October.
Topic map for 11th October.

People in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 08:13 AM | Comments (0)

October 11, 2004

Pepys-Map : 8th - 10th October 1661

Posted entries for 8th 9th and 10th October today. Most of the modelling is straightforward. The only new addition is a "repairing-event" which is used to model the occassion on 9th when Samuel puts his theboro (an instrument) in to be repaired.

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 8th October.
Topic map for 9th October.
Topic map for 10th October.

Core ontology for the diary.
Culture in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 12:52 PM | Comments (0)

October 08, 2004

Pepys-Map : 6th-7th October 1661

Two more entries posted today. In the entry for 6th October, the modelling is fairly simple for the following events:
  • Samuel goes to the service at St. Olave's
  • Samuel dines at home
  • Samuel goes to the service at St. Gregory's by St. Pauls
  • Sam visits Martha Batten
  • William Penn calls on Martha Batten during Samuel's visit.
  • William Penn and Martha Batten dine as guests of Samuel.
For 7th October the modelling is also fairly simple:
  • Samuel goes to Thomas Fenner's house - his intention is to meet with Margaret Kite, but she does not turn up, hence this is only a travelling-event.
  • Samuel visits Dr. Williams to find him ill. The illness is modelled as a separate event starting at some point on or before this day.
  • Samuel receives a letter about the legal wranglings over the lease-hold of Sturtlow. To link this event with a previous related event in which the lease hold was sold to William Luffe, I have created a topic for the leasehold with a subject indicator and edited the topic map for 21st July 1661 to add that subject indicator to the topic representing the leasehold in the appropriate event. Now when the two maps are merged we find that this letter is about the leasehold that was sold on 21st July.
New and updated topic maps: Topic map for 21st July Topic map for 6th October Topic map for 7th October Artifacts in the diary People in the diary Places in the dairy
Posted by Kal at 09:11 PM | Comments (0)

October 06, 2004

Pepys-Map : 4th-5th October 1661

Two more entries posted today.

The topic map for 4th October makes use of the same merging principles used in the topic map for 3rd October to refer back to the loan of 50 pounds agreed on that day - today, the money is received by Samuel's apprentice, Will Hewer. To make it easier to model the transaction, I have introduced a topic specifically for the 50 pounds borrowed from Mr Battersby. So I have updated the borrowing-event in the topic map for 3rd October to show the 50 pounds as the "borrowed item", and have also shown it in the topic map for 4th October as the "delivered item" received by Will Hewer.

The topic map for 5th October is more straightforward. I have chosen to model Samuel's efforts to hang a model ship in his room simply as "work"...should there be a speciailised "DIY" event type I wonder :-)

New and updated topic maps:
Updated topic map for 3rd October.
Topic map for 4th October.
Topic map for 5th October.

Artifacts in the diary.
Culture in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 10:12 AM | Comments (0)

October 04, 2004

Pepys-Map : 3rd October 1661

Today's entry makes use of topic map merging to handle a reference to a previous event.

The event in question is a disucssion of the performance of Vittoria Corombona that took place on 2nd October. To make a reference to the performance event, I have simply created a topic whose subject identifier is the address of the topic created for the performance event. The reference is made using a relative URI and it assumes that the topic map for 2nd October is located in the same directory as that for 3rd October (which is the case for the archived LTM files). The result is the following LTM code:

[event-16611002-05-ref @"16611002.ltm#event-16611002-05"]

I have also made an editorial pass through the topic types defined in the core ontology file today, creating sort names that omit the indefinite article to improve the sorting in displays like Omnigator and TM4Web.


This can then be used as any other event topic. For example, we discover today that Elizabeth Batten and her son had been at the same performance. We can model this as:

[event-16611002-05-ref @"16611002.ltm#event-16611002-05"]
participation(event-16611002-05-ref : event,
  william-batten-son : audience,
  elizabeth-batten : audience)

We can also use the event as the subject of the discussion event that takes place today:

[event-16611003-09 : discussion 
  = "Samuel discusses yesterday's performance of 
      'Vittoria Corombona' with the Battens (3rd October 1661)";"16611003-09"]
...
event-subject(event-16611003-09 : event, event-16611002-05-ref : subject)

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 3rd October 1661.
Core ontology for the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 11:57 AM | Comments (0)

October 03, 2004

Pepys-Map : September Roundup

The latest monthly roundup has just been uploaded to the website. The XTM file of all diary entries so far can be found here. The HTML rendition of the topic map can be entered here.

As always comments and suggestions are very welcome!

Posted by Kal at 03:34 PM | Comments (0)

Pepys-Map : 1st-2nd October 1661

Two short entries posted today.

In the entry for 1st October, the following events are modelled:

  • Samuel and Elizabeth have a discussion about music and about singing lessons for Elizabeth.
  • Theodore Goodgroome arrives and Samuel and Elizabeth have a singing lesson with him.
  • Samuel works at the Navy Office
  • Samuel works on his papers at home.
  • Samuel has supper of bread and cheese.

For the 2nd October the following events are modelled:

  • Samuel, Thomas Fenner and Margaret Kite spend the morning appraising Margaret's inheritance.
  • The trio go to a cookshop on Bishopsgate Street for dinner.
  • Samuel buys some sack wine for Thomas Fenner and Margaret Kite at an unamed tavern. The diary does not say if the three of them drank anything there.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth take a coach to the Theatre Royal.
  • A performance of John Webster's play 'Vittoria Corombona' or 'The White Devil' at the Theatre Royal.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth take a coach home from the theatre.

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 1st October.
Topic map for 2nd October.
Culture in the diary.
People in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 02:03 PM | Comments (0)

October 01, 2004

Pepys-Map : 29th-30th September 1661

The entry for 29th September is quite simple. With just four events: Samuel going to church (twice), a dinner hosted by the Pepys' and a supper hosted by the Penns.

The entry for 30th September is quite long. I have chosen to focus only on Samuel's own actions rather than the detail of the battle between the French and the Spanish, so the battle itself is referred to only by a single event using a new type 'conflict".

The rest of the days events are principally movements from one place to another, all modelled as travelling events. Samuel's first event of the day was to travel to Whitehall to meet Henry Moore, who did not turn up - hence that is modelled as a travelling-event rather than a meeting-event. Where possible in the rest of the days movements I have recorded the (approximate) start and end points and the mode of travel for each move.

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 29th September.
Topic map for 30th September.
Core ontology for the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 08:55 PM | Comments (0)

September 29, 2004

Pepys-Map : 27th - 28th September 1661

In the entry for 27th September we find a form of gift event. Lady Montague receives grapes and melons sent by her husband and brought by Captain Country. This is modelled as a gift-event, with a new role of 'courier' added which is played by Country:

[event-16610927-05 : gift-event = "Richard Country brings exotic fruits from Sir Edward Montague (27th September 1661)";"16610927-05"]
occurs(event-16610927-05 : event, today : on)
participation(event-16610927-05 : event,
  jemima-montague : recipient,
  richard-country : courier,
  sir-edward-montague : giver,
  melons : gift,
  grapes : gift,
  wardrobe-court : place)

A similar form is used for the melons delivered to Samuel - although in this case the courier is not known.

The entry for 28th September is very straightforward with only four events modelled. The play "Father's Own Son" is a comedy written by John Fletcher and also known as "Monsieur Thomas".

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 27th September.
Topic map for 28th September.
Core ontology for the diary.
Culture in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 08:41 PM | Comments (0)

September 27, 2004

Pepys-Map : 26th September 1661

A short entry today. In which:


  • Samuel works at the Navy Office.

  • Samuel dines at home.

  • Samuel and Elizabeth go to the theatre to see 'A King and No King' performed. The diary mentions that they travel each way by coach so this is captured as two separate travelling-events preceding and following the performance.

  • Samuel works at home on his correspondence. No details about the work are given, so this is modelled simply as a generic working event.

It is worth noting that the play is one of several collaborations by John Fletcher (already encountered as writer of 'The Tamer Tamed'), and Francis Beaumont. This is modelled in the topic map by using a single 'written-by' association with two players of the 'writer' role.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for today's entry.
Culture in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 08:53 PM | Comments (0)

September 26, 2004

Pepys-Map : 24th-25th September 1661

Two entries uploaded today.

In the entry for 24th September, events modelled are:


  • Samuel and Elizabeth return home from Welwyn.

  • On the way, they stop off at the Mother Red Cap tavern in Holloway for a drink (the name of the tavern is provided by a note on the PepysDiary.com site.

  • Samuel receives a letter telling him of a naval action that Sir Edward Montague has been involved in. The action is given a subject indicator to allow reference from later diary entries.

  • Samuel visits Jemima Montague.

For the 25th September, the events modelled are:

  • Samuel and William Penn take a coach to Covent Garden.
  • Samuel visits his cousin Thomas and discusses country business with him.
  • Samuel meets Robert Slingsby in St. Martin's Lane
  • Samuel and Slingsby take his coach to Whitehall.
  • Samuel visits William Coventry.
  • Samuel dines with John Crew.
  • Samuel attends a performance of "The Merry Wives Of Windsor" at the Theatre Royal. It being Shakespeare, Sam hates it.
  • Samuel goes drinking with William Penn and Sir G. More (a person not encountered before in the diary).

New and updated topic maps:
Topic map for 24th September 1661
Topic map for 25th September 1661
Core ontology for the diary.
Culture in the diary.
Dates in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 02:36 PM | Comments (0)

September 24, 2004

Pepys-Map: 16th - 23rd September 1661

Catching up with a number of entries missed due to a combination of slackness and being at XML Open this week. To comment on all of the files would probably be as tedious to read as it would be to write, but you can always read all of the entries on PepysDiary.com.

One interesting addition to the ontology is a pair of events. I've added a "borrowing" event with roles "borrower" and "lender". I've made the existing "loan" event a subclass of borrowing on the principle that a loan event is a borrowing event where the borrower agrees to repay some interest as well as the borrowed amount. I've also added a "hiring" event, which I have made a subclass of both "borrowing" and of "purchase" - topic maps does not restrict you to having a single class hierarchy, although this could cause problems later on so I'll plan to revisit this when I get a chance to tidy up the ontology.

Another item that will need tidying is the addition of a topic for "horse". Currently this is made a direct subclass of "creature" which puts it on the same level in the ontology as "primate". My feeling is that it is not wise to have "primate" and "horse" at the same level of the hierarchy and again, this part of the ontology will need revisting during any cleanup.

New and uploaded topic maps:
16th September
17th September
18th September
19th September
20th September
21st September
22nd September
23rd September

Artifacts in the diary.
Culture in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 07:02 PM | Comments (0)

September 16, 2004

Pepys-Map : 15th September 1661

Today's entry is another straightforward one in modelling terms. The events modelled are:

  • Samuel goes to the late Julian Kite's home to meet with his uncle Thomas Fenner and make arrangements for the burial. This is modelled as a visiting event with Thomas Fenner as the "visited" and the Kites' house as the place.
  • Samuel dines at home.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth go to their church.
  • The funeral of Julian Kite. I have included Thomas Fenner and Margaret Kite in the mourners. The diary says that there is Fenner's family present, but I have not made an exhaustive list of them here. This may be added later if it becomes important.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth accompany Margaret Kite back to her house.
  • Samuel, Elizabeth and William Joyce travel back to the Pepys' home.
  • Samuel and William have a drink back at the house.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for today's entry.
Core ontology for the diary (only a minor editorial to a comment).
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 11:52 AM | Comments (0)

September 15, 2004

Pepys-Map : 14th September 1661

Today's entry has the following events modelled:

  • Samuel does some work at the Navy Office.
  • Samuel visits the Royal Exchange.
  • Thomas Fenner visits Samuel at his home.
  • Robert and Elizabeth Slingsby (and unidentified others) call for the Samuel and Elizabeth.
  • Thomas Fenner and Thomas Pepys are left at Samuel's house to dine.
  • Samuel and Robert Slingsby and their wives go to see four yachts on the river.

For the moment, I have modelled the last event as a generic "recreation-event" and made the yachts the "subject" of that event. When the ontology is reviewed it might be worth seeing if there is a subclass of recreation-event that can be extracted from this perhaps "viewing-event" ?

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for today's entry.
Culture in the diary.
People in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 04:44 PM | Comments (0)

September 14, 2004

Pepys-Map : 13th September 1661

Today's entry has a couple of interesting points to the model.

In the first event of the day, Samuel is called to his uncle's house to discuss arrangements for the burial of his Aunt Kite who died yesterday. There are two things to note here. Firstly, we don't need to model the death as an event, because that was already entered in the biographical topic map when Aunt Kite was first introduced about a week ago. Secondly, we need to model the event of Aunt Kite's funeral in advance of its occurrence. To facilitate the merging of the event information that we have from todays entry (which is scant) with information we will probably get when the funeral takes place, I have created a subject identifier for the funeral event.

The second item of note actually comes from annotations on the PepysDiary.com site. The annotations for Doctors Commons (both the map referred to from the annotations and the text of one annotation) describe the geographical location of the Doctors' Commons by the streets that form its boundary. This seemed like a good thing to model. So I have created an association type "bounded-by" and role types "bounded" for the place whose bounds are described by the association and then north-bounds, south-bounds, east-bounds and west-bounds for the four compass points (all that I need for now). The association itself is expressed as a 5-way relationship between the Doctor's Commons and the four streets that form its boundary:

bounded-by(drs-commons : bounded,
  great-knightrider-st : north-bounds,
  st-bennets-hill : east-bounds,
  addle-hill : west-bounds,
  thames-st : south-bounds)

My reason for doing this (rather than four binary relationships) is that I want the single association to capture all of the information about the boundary - in practice there can be no boundary without all of the sides being enumerated, so to my mind it doesn't make sense to have four separate partial descriptions.

I could have chosen to create a "borders-with" association, which would make sense to be modelled as four separate binary relationships as the fact that X border's Y is not dependent on the fact that X also borders Z.

The association and role types are all defined in the "places" topic map.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for today's entry.
Artifacts in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 08:44 PM | Comments (0)

September 13, 2004

Pepys-Map : 11th -12th September 1661

Entries for the 11th and 12th September posted today. Both entries are relatively straightforward to model. There is much discussion with regards to money owed to Tom Trice. I have classified all of this under the subject of "Robert Pepys Estate" as this is where the debt has arisen from.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 11th September
Topic map for 12th September
Culture in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 09:04 PM | Comments (0)

September 11, 2004

Pepys-Map : August Roundup

The second monthly milestone in the topic mapping of Pepy's Diary has been reached! As Stuart did last month, I've created a single merged topic map for the diary to date (July and August plus a few days from June).

The zipped XTM file can found here.

Update: I've now posted HTML pages generated from the XTM file for July and August.

See the about page and the help page for more details.

Posted by Kal at 01:37 PM | Comments (0)

Pepys-Map : 10th September 1661

Today's entry is relatively straightforward to model. The events we find are:

  • Samuel works at the Navy Office.
  • Samuel dines at home.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth buy a chest from an unamed vendor in Wood Street.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth make more purchases at Thomas Fenner's.
  • Samuel visits his brother Thomas.
  • Samuel visits Lady Jemima Montague at the Wardrobe.
  • Samuel dines with the 'young ladies of the wardrobe' -- it is not clear who these ladies are. I have assumed that at least Paulina Montague is one.
  • Samuel returns home by foot.

Also in this diary entry, a name is given for the maid mentioned on the 7th September as being hired from William Joyce. I have added a topic for this maid, Mary, and modified the topic map for 7th September to reference this topic. The start date of her employment is also recorded in a new office-holding event.

New and modified topic maps:

Topic map for today's entry.
Topic map for 7th September 1661
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 11:47 AM | Comments (0)

September 10, 2004

Pepys-Map : 9th September 1661

Today's entry is something of an instruction in how Mondays should really be approached. The events modelled today:

  • Samuel goes to Privy Seal to get some work done, but finds the Lord Privy Seal not arrived yet.
  • Samuel meets Captain Robert Morris (with the superb office of Upholsterer-extra-ordinary to the Royal Household), and the two have breakfast togther at the King's Privy Kitchen. During which Samuel drinks too much wine (for breakfast!)
  • Unable to do any work, Samuel goes first for a walk in Westminster Hall and then to the theatre.
  • Finally, Samuel returns home, finding that Williams Penn and Batten had called for him. He catches up with them and several others at the Dolphin to round of the day with some more drink.

New and updated topic maps :

Topic map for today's entry
Culture in the diary
Dates in the diary
People in the diary
Places in the diary

Posted by Kal at 09:40 AM | Comments (0)

September 09, 2004

Pepys-Map : 7th - 8th August 1661

Catching up again with two entries posted today.

The entry for the 7th September introduces one modelling issue, when William Joyce arrives to discuss the hiring of one of his maids. For this, I have modelled the two offices held by the maid and made the office to be held with the Pepys as the subject for the conversation with William Joyce. Once again this makes use of the "trick" of making on event the subject of another. Another possibility would have been to model the hiring of the maid as an event in its own right.

Topic map for 7th September
Topic map for 8th September
Culture in the diary
Core ontology for the diary

Posted by Kal at 07:03 PM | Comments (0)

September 07, 2004

Pepys-May: 5th-6th September 1661

Catching up with two entries today.

For 5th September, the following events are modelled:

  • Samuel visits his mother.
  • Samuel does some business at the Privy Seal.
  • Samuel travels from the Privy Seal's chambers to Thomas Fenner's house, by boat.
  • Margaret and Paulina Pepys leave London for the Pepys' farm.
  • Samuel, Elizabeth and some others take a drink at an alehouse.
  • A footman approaches Elizabeth Pepys with a message. This is modelled simply as a meeting-event.
  • Dinner at Thomas Fenner's - we only know that Samuel and Elizabeth are guests, we are not told who the hosts are.
  • Samuel receives the news that his aunt, Julian Clarke, is ill, which prompts an argument with Antony Joyce.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth go to Bartholomew Fair and see performances by acrobats and tumblers before returning home by foot.

For the 6th of September, we have:

  • Thomas Fenner joins Samuel for his morning draught.
  • The pair then go to visit Julian Clarke during which she expresses her wishes with regards to her estate. The estate of Julian Clarke is introduced as a new topic and made the subejct of a conversation.
  • Samuel and Thomas go for a drink at some unamed alehouse and then call in at Fenner's sister. The only name we have at present for the sister is given by Pepys as "Utbeck".
  • Samuel attends a performance of 'Elder Brother' at the Theatre Royal.
  • Samuel and some friends met at the theatre go drinking at the Ship tavern.
  • Samuel and William Penn return home by coach.

Updated and modified topic maps:
Topic map for 4th September (fixed an incorrect reference to the PepysDiary.com site).
Topic map for 5th September.
Topic map for 6th September.

Artifacts in the diary.
Culture in the diary.
Dates in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 02:47 PM | Comments (0)

September 05, 2004

Pepys-Map : 4th September 1661

Today's entry is a relatively straightforward one. The events modelled are as follows:

September 04, 2004

Pepys-Map : 3rd September 1661

The main event in today's entry is the christening of Catherine Montague. This is modelled using a new event type "christening" subclassed from "church-service" (although it actually takes place at the Wardrobe and not in a church).

Two other events require extensions to the ontology.

Samuel takes delivery of some furniture from Richard Howells - using the existing "purchasing" event type for this does not work as there is no exchange of money at this point.

The other event is Sam's argument with his mother. The "argument" event type is subclassed from the "discussion" event type. I've added an occurrence to this event that gives Samuel's side of the story at least.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for today.
Core ontology for the diary.
People in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 05:58 PM | Comments (0)

Pepys-Map : 2nd September 1661

The entry for today is quite a long one, although much of it describes rumour and gossip which at present we are not modelling in the topic map.

The events that are modelled are as follows:

  • Samuel has a discussion with his cousin Thomas about is uncle Thomas (presumably something to do with the will of Robert Pepys, as cousin Thomas is the executor of the will, but this is not made explicit).
  • Samuel goes to the chambers of the Privy Seal (who is not there).
  • Sam meets Mr Battersby in Fenchurch Street and the pair share some wine at the chambers of the King's Apothecary (presumably just for medicinal purposes then ;-).
  • The pair then take a boat to Blackfriars Stairs where Samuel disembarks and proceeds to the King's Great Wardrobe for dinner. He does not say who he dines with.
  • After dinner Samuel and Captain Ferrers return to Whitehall and meet Mr. Pickering at Westminster Hall.
  • This trio then go off drinking at a wine house called Prior's.
  • Samuel and Pickering stroll around Westminster Hall, Samuel gets gossip from Pickering which is modelled simply as a discussion event for now.
  • Samuel takes his leave and goes to the Mitre where he meets the Wight's.
  • Samuel returns home and writes another spoof letter to William Penn about the stolen tankard in which he demands a ransom for the tankard's return.

This entry also relates two events involving Elizabeth Pepys. She meets the "Ladies of the Wardrobe", by which I have assumed Pepys means Jemima Carteret and Paulina Montague, at the Royal Exchange. She also meets Thomas Somerset, a son of Lord Somerset (and possibly the man from 30th August?) who gives her a bracelet as a gift.

New and updated files:

Topic map for today's entry.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 05:05 PM | Comments (0)

September 02, 2004

Pepys-Map : 31st August - 1st September 1661

Two entries posted today.

In the entry for 31st August, Samuel describes his visit to Bartholomew Fair. The fair is an extended event starting on 23rd August and ending on 6th September. Within the span of this event, today describes a number of separate events that involve Samuel directly. To model this, I have created one recreation-event topic for the fair itself covering the complete 23/8-6/9 timespan. Then each event that occurs at the fair is created as a "subevent" of the fair event. This requires a new association type for relationship between an encompassing event and the events that it encompasses (which I've called superevent and subevent as a shorthand).

For example a performance by dancing monkeys (no, really) at the fair is modelled as:

[event-16610831-06 : performance = "Performance by dancing monkeys at Bartholomew Fair (31st August 1661)";"16610831-06"]
occurs(event-16610831-06 : event, today : on)
superevent-subevent(event-16610831-06 : subevent, bartholomew-fair : superevent)

This type of relationship could also be useful for other spanning events, and could be treated as hierarchical. For example a war could be a spanning event (superevent) with each battle as an encompassed event (subevent). Then within the battle, each charge or manoeuver could be modelled as a subevent of the battle event.

Another slightly odd construct in the topic map for 31st August is the modelling of Samuel buying a bauble for each of three ladies in his company at Christ's Hospital. This is modelled as a single purchasing-event where three separate items are purchased, followed by three separate gift events, each with one of those purchased items and a different recipient:

[event-16610831-09 : purchasing-event = "Samuel buys baubles for the ladies (31st August 1661)";"16610831-09"]
occurs(event-16610831-09 : event, event-16610831-07 : during)
participation(event-16610831-09 : event,
  samuel-pepys : purchaser,
  bauble-1 : purchased,
  bauble-2 : purchased,
  bauble-3 : purchased)
[bauble-1 : bauble = "A bauble for Jemima Carteret"]
[bauble-2 : bauble = "A bauble for Paulina Montague"]
[bauble-3 : bauble = "A bauble for Mlle Le Blanc"]
[event-16610831-10 : gift-event = "Samuel gives a bauble to Jemima Carteret (31st August 1661)";"16610831-10"]
occurs(event-16610831-10 : event, event-16610831-07 : during)
participation(event-16610831-10 : event,
  bauble-1 : gift,
  samuel-pepys : giver,
  jemima-carteret : recipient)
etc.

In the entry for 1st September, an interesting revalation is made. The tankard that was stolen from William Penn and which Sam wrote a joke confessional for a few days ago, was actually stolen as a joke by William Batten. So we have a bit of new information to add to the theft-event that was created in the topic map for 28th August 1661. To do this, I have added a subject indicator to the original theft event so that it can be imported into the topic map for 1st September. I can then use that imported topic to create a new association and an occurrence that describes the theft in Sam's own words. Although the topic map standard does allow me to simply refer to the address of the original event topic rather than do this import trick, using a full URI subject indicator is a bit more robust and won't break if the files are moved into different relative paths (e.g. split into separate directories for each month).


New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for 31st August 1661
Topic map for 1st September 1661
Modified topic map for 28th August 1661
Core ontology
Artifacts in the diary.
Culture in the diary.
Dates in the diary.
People in the diary.
Places in the diary.

TEASER: Look out for another month-end merged topic map tomorrow!

Posted by Kal at 09:24 PM | Comments (0)

August 31, 2004

Pepys-Map : 30th August 1661

Today's entry is quite short but introduces the use of scope to distinguish between sources.

The main events of the day are:

  • Samuel and Elizabeth go to Wardrobe Court for dinner with "the children" (the youngest children of Sir Edward Montague). There they also visit Lady Jemima Montague.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth then go on to a play which Sam does not like at all - possibly because of it being French...
  • At the play Elizabeth meets a friend of hers, described only as a son of Lord Somerset.

According to the diary we know only that the play was performed at some location on Drury Street. This is modelled as a fairly light "participation" association:

participation(event-16610830-03 : event, unamed-theatre-drury-lane : place)

However, Latham & Matthews add a footnote that says that the play was most probably a performance of "Orpheus and Eurydice" at the Cockpit Theatre, performed by a company under Jean Channoveau. This gives a much richer participation association:

participation(event-16610830-03 : event,
  cockpit-theatre : place,
  orpheus-and-eurydice : performed-work,
  channoveaus-company : performer)

However, as Latham & Matthews is a secondary source, we may want to distinguish between that information and the information extracted from the text. So this second association is scoped, using the topic for the Latham & Masters text as a scoping topic:

participation(event-16610830-03 : event,
  cockpit-theatre : place,
  orpheus-and-eurydice : performed-work,
  channoveaus-company : performer) / lm-ii

Note, that up to now this approach of distinguishing secondary information from primary information has not been used. In future I intend to principally use it where secondary information contradicts the primary information. Going back through the posts and determining what really comes from the primary source is an excercise for the reader right now!

One other item of note for today's entry. On the pepysdiary.com site, "Lord Somersett" is linked to a page for a Thomas Somerset. A bit of googling and browsing of peerage websites leads me to believe that the Lord Somerset of 1661 was an Edward Somerset, not Thomas. I have used Edward in my representation of this event.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for today's entry.
People in the diary.
Dates in the diary.
Culture in the diary.
Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 09:45 PM | Comments (0)

August 30, 2004

Pepys-Map : 29th August 1661

Today's entry is relatively straightforward. The following events are modelled.

  • Samuel works at the Navy Office.
  • Dinner at the Pepys' house in Seething Lane with Sam's parents and his aunt, Edith Bell.
  • Margaret Pepys and Edith Bell visit Mary Wright. The place of the visit is not specified and so is not modelled here.
  • Samuel spends some time with a bookseller.
  • Samuel meets his father at Thomas Fenner's house at 4pm.
  • Samuel and his father meet with a Mr Evans to discuss marrying Thomas Pepys to Mr Evans' daughter. Evans' profession is given as a tailor and that is modelled here. The meeting occurs in a tavern, but no name is given.
  • Samuel and his father walk together from the tavern as far as Holborn.
  • Samuel walks home alone from Holborn.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for today's entry.

People in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 07:30 PM | Comments (0)

August 29, 2004

Pepys-Map : 26th - 28th August 1661

Catching up with three diary entries.

One new use of the event-based structure has turned up in these entries. In the entry for 27th August, Samuel has a discussion with Lady Montague about the preparations Ned Montague is making for a journey to be undertaken by Sir Edward Montague. In particular, that Ned has spent some 5000 pounds on this. This is modelled as a discussion event, the subject of which is a purchasing event where the purchased item is the future journey which is itself represented as a travelling event.

A similar structure is used in the entry for 28th August where Samuel plays a prank on Sir William Penn by forging a letter which purports to be from the thief who stole a tankard from Penn recently. Hence the theft event is made the subject of the corresepondence event that represents the sending of the letter.

New and updated files:

Topic Map for 26th August
Topic Map for 27th August
Topic Map for 28th August
People in the diary.
Artifacts in the diary.
Places in the diary.
Dates in the diary.
Culture in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 06:03 PM | Comments (0)

August 26, 2004

Pepys-Map: 25th August 1661

Today is a Sunday, so its off to church twice with dinner in between. Then the Pepys are visited by Lady Batten and an unidentified daughter. Later, John Pepys arrives and John and Samuel resolve what to do about Paulina. The two men then go to William Wight's for supper before walking home together as far as St. Pauls where each go their separate ways.

New and updated files:

Topic map for today's entry.

People in the diary.

Family relationships ontology.

Posted by Kal at 12:25 PM | Comments (0)

August 25, 2004

Pepys-Map: 24th August

In today's entry Samuel works in the office, and then visits Sir William Batten to visit a ‘strange creature ’ (a primate of some species) from brought Guinea by Captain Holmes. He then visits Richard Ford with Colonel Slingsby to dicuss the rental of Ford's house by the Navy Office (it is adjacent to the current premises). He is visited at home by Henry Isham, with whom he drinks in the Mitre. A commended performance of Hamlet is followed by more drinking with a John Spong in the Sampson.

Quite a bit of development today. I've added a grounds-of association, as we seem to be having a number of places which are in the grounds of another (St Paul's Churchyard, Hatfield House vinyard, etc.). I've also created creature and a primate subclass for the strange creature, and a generic place-of-origin association which is intended to cover everything from nationality to object source.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Core diary ontology.

Places in the diary.

People in the diary.

Culture in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 05:35 PM | Comments (0)

August 24, 2004

Pepys-Map: 22nd and 23rd August 1661

Two forward entries today to match the retrospective entries yesterday.

On 22nd August 1661 Samuel works at the Privy Seal, attends a family gathering at his uncle Fenner's (popping out for a drink with his father and uncle Wight), attends church, and then dines at his uncle Wight's.

On 23rd August 1661 Samuel visits his father, with whom he visits Dr Williams, where they have a discussion (I think this probably about Robert Pepys' will, but this is not stated explicity). They go on to Tom Trice's, who they take to an alehouse. There they discuss and sign the will of Robert Pepys, and leave to swear this infront of a judge (in an unnamed location). They return to the alehouse for a while, and then Samuel and Dr Williams dine at a cookshop. Finally, Samuel goes to William Joyce's to meet his wife, who he takes to the Opera.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for 23 August.

Topic map for 22 August.

Core diary ontology.

Places in the diary.

People in the diary.

Culture in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 10:38 PM | Comments (0)

August 23, 2004

Pepys-Map: 29th and 30th June

I've started working backwards as well as forward, so here's 29th June and 30th June 1661.

On the 29th, Samuel receives a letter from the Duke of York (James Stuart, the brother of the King), complaining about a delay in a fleet. As a result, Pepys goes with William Penn and William Batten to Deptford, where he examines the boats. He then goes to a tavern, the Bell, and meets friends (from ‘our old club’) with whom he stays and drinks; James Chetwind recommends a book.

On the 30th Samuel and wife go to church, and then dine at home. Samuel then goes with ‘Sir Williams both’ to Whitehall where they meet the Duke of York, and relay to him the cause of the above delays. Pepys then walks in Gray's Inn Walk, and appreciates the ladies.

Pepys also comments on his wife being unwell, the Portuguese Ambassador visiting the King prior to returning to Portugal (the Queen, Catherine of Braganza is in Portugal and arrangements are being made for her coming over), and on his father going to Brampton to visit the ill Robert Pepys.

22nd August later today.

The letter from the Duke is the ‘cause’ of some subsequent events, but it occurs to me that we should break the cause-result association into more fine-grained subclasses. I can think of three types of cause and effect:

  • elective results, such as the above, in which an individual has chosen to act in a certain way as a result of another event;
  • imperative results, in which an event follows on from another by virtue of social or legal unavoidability, but is not physically necessary; such as an execution order leading to the death of the individual; and
  • necessary results – those that are a result of nature and have no human agency, such a Robert Pepys' illness leading to his death.

Does this seem a reasonable or necessary breakdown? Comments on a popup, please.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for 29th June 1661.

Topic map for 30th June 1661.

Core diary ontology.

Places in the diary.

People in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 08:30 PM | Comments (0)

August 22, 2004

Pepys-Map: 21st August 1661

I'm back; Kal and I have decided to alternate weeks of updating to lighten the load.

In today's entry, the following events are modelled:

  • The birth of Catherine Montagu (on or before today).
  • The engagement of Thomas Pepys (the brother) to a Miss Whately (before today).
  • Samuel visits his father, and together they visit Dr Williams (but he is out), Mrs Terry (Miss Whately's sister, with whom they discuss the engagement), and William Joyce.
  • They drink in a tavern with Joyce.
  • They visit Mrs Whately (the mother), but she is just going out, so they go to Whitehall, where they receive the news of the birth.
  • They revisit Mrs Whately and discuss the engagement.
  • They return to Samuel's father's house.
  • Samuel dines at the Wardrobe with the Montagu's (older) daughters.

I created an event type of engagement; this is for the whole period, the event of being engaged. The actual bended-knee occasion would be a proposal event; I haven't created this yet, as we have no details of it.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Core diary ontology.

Places in the diary.

People in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 09:57 PM | Comments (0)

Pepys-Map: July revisited

You can take the boy out of editorial, but you can't take editorial out of the boy. A frenzy of correcting and updating means that all the entries for July have been updated, mainly changing events to more suitable types introduced subsequent to the first version.

1st July 1661

  • Added Samuel working at the office.

2nd July 1661

  • Added the letter from John Pepys to Samuel concerning his uncle's illness, and created an instance of illness for this.
  • Added Samuel writing to Montagu.

3rd July 1661

  • Added occurs associations.

4th July 1661

  • General tidying. Also, the travelling of John Pepys to Brampton which so offends William Wight is not, I think an event occuring today but is the trip reported by Samuel on 30 June (John Pepys is definitely in London on 4th and 6th July, and trip to Brampton takes a couple of days); so I've added that day as the start of the retrospective entries, and amended this entry accordingly.
  • Added John Battersby's profession (apothecary) to pepys-diary-people, as this is relevant to his discussion with Pepys.

5th July 1661

  • Changed Samuel's visit to the office to the working-event type added by Kal recently.

6th July 1661

  • Added a cause-result association to document Robert Pepys' illness causing his death.
  • Added a news-event of Samuel receiving the news of his uncle's death.

7th July 1661

  • As Robert Pepys' estate is a topic in its own right, and is the subject of many discussions in the following month, I have added the reading of the will in the garden as an event.

8–13 July 1661

  • Added the news of Tom Trice's caveat to the estate, as this is discussed later.

14 July 1661

  • Just added the description of Hinchingbroke Hall.

15 July 1661

  • A few corrections only.

16–19 July 1661

  • No changes, mainly because the entry is a bit confused.

20 July 1661

  • Added Pepys' mention of his swollen hand.

21 July 1661

  • Added Samuel putting his papers in order as working events.

22 July 1661

  • Corrections.

23 July 1661

  • Added the news of Paulina's idleness.

24 July 1661

  • Changed the news of the theft to a news event.
  • Added a description of Lady Montagu.
  • Changed the office visit to a working-event.

25th July 1661

  • Corrections.

26th July 1661

  • Added a description of Robert Pepys' estate.

27th July 1661

  • Changed the 'unnamed residence of Montagu daughters' to the the Montagu's London residence.

28th July 1661

  • No changes.

29th July 1661

  • Changed the visit to the office to a working event.
  • Add illness topics for the reported illnesses in the news event.
  • John Glascock dies of his illness at an (unspecified) date, so this death has been added to pepys-diary-people.

30 July 1661

  • Changed the office visit to a working event.

Dates in the diary

Places in the diary

People in the diary

Core diary ontology

Posted by Stuart at 07:42 PM | Comments (0)

August 21, 2004

Pepys-Map: 20th August 1661

Just two working events today. Pepys works at the Navy Office and then at home.

There is mention in the diary of the Navy Office reaching an agreement with a neighbour to the office, but there is not really enough detail to warrant another event.

New and modified topic maps:

Topic map for today's entry.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 07:29 PM | Comments (0)

Pepys-Map: 19th August 1661

Quite a long diary entry for today.

Samuel spends the first half of the day working at the Navy Office, and then has an errand to run - he has to get the Lord Privy Seal to seal a document for the Lord Chancellor. The errand takes up the best part of the day with Pepys travelling to the chambers of the Privy Seal; the Lord Chancellor's home at Worcester House; and then to the Lord Privy Seal's house at Chelsea (by way of the pub, of course). I have modelled the errand itself as a "Work" event, with the various journies and carousing modelled as separate events that occur during the work event.

Samuel's journey home is eventful too. He has to walk from Chelsea, and on the way meets Mr and Mrs Marsh and they all go drinking together on their way to Westminster.

Other events described in today's entry do not involve Samuel directly. The Montague's children are all summoned to a dinner by their mother, Elizabeth Pepys dines with her father-in-law, and Katherine Fenner dies.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for today's entry.

Places in the diary.

People in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 07:13 PM | Comments (0)

August 19, 2004

Pepys-Map: 18th August 1661

Today's entry introduces one retrospective event and a small problem (cleared up!).

The retrospective event is the gift of a book made by Henry Moore to Samuel when they met on 7th August. This is easily accomodated, and I have created the event in today's topic map - so that the focus of each topic map is on the content of the diary entry, not on the happenings of the particular day.

The small issue is one of terminology. Up to now I have used the term "Book" to mean a particular text. So, the "Shorter Oxford English Dictionary" and Latham & Matthews annotated diaries were typed as "Book". However, in today's entry I want to record the fact that Sam reads the text "Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity", and that he was given a copy of the text as a book. Note the change of terms: the term "Text" is now used to refer to the abstract written work, and "Book" is now reserved for an individual copy of a text.

Much of the rest of the day's entry is straightforward enough. One new person is introduced, Dr Tom Pepys, but I also have added a topic for Richard Hooker (author of the text that Sam is reading).

New and updated maps:

Today's entry

Core ontology for the diary

Cultural artifacts in the diary

People in the diary

Posted by Kal at 09:58 PM | Comments (0)

August 18, 2004

Pepys-Map: 17th August 1661

Today's entry introduces one minor new ontology requirement and a few new people and places. The events described by the topic map are:

  • Pepys visits the chamber of the Privy Seal. There are no further details about this visit, so it is modelled simply as a visiting event with Pepys as the visitor and the chamber of the Privy Seal as the place visited.
  • Pepys meets Ned Pickering and they go for a walk in St James Park. Ned gossips to Sam about the Court. This is modelled as two separate events - the meeting (which I have recorded as occurring at St James Park although this may not be completely accurate); and a discussion event where the Court is the subject of conversation. This requires the creation of a new institution "Royal Court".
  • Pepys and Pickering have dinner at the Wardrobe.
  • Pepys and Cpt. Ferrer go to see 'The Wits' at the Opera.
  • Pepys and Ferrer go drinking at the Devil and St. Dunstan tavern. One or two web resources are given in the annotations on the pepysdiary.com site and these are recorded as occurrences of the topic that represents the tavern. To do this, a new occurrence type of 'mention' is defined for web resources where the subject is mentioned as part of the resource but is not the principle subject of the resource.
  • Pepys takes a coach home.

Today's entry also mentions some trouble that Sam is having with the transportation of some posessions of Sir Edward Montague. He says that he has found out where the shipment is, but does not indicate if this is the result of a letter or a message received from someone else. Because there is no concrete event to model, this information is ommitted from the topic map.

I also corrected a misnomer of the location of the performance of 'The Wits' in the file 16610815.ltm. The correct name is simply "the Opera" rather than "the Royal Opera" that I had previously.

New and updated topic maps for today's entry:

Today's diary entry

Corrected topic map for 15th August 1661.

Core ontology for the diary

Cultural artificats in the diary

Dates in the diary

People in the diary

Places in the diary

Posted by Kal at 03:50 PM | Comments (0)

August 17, 2004

Pepys-Map: 16th August 1661

Much of today's entry describes the epidemic that is sweeping London. In the topic map I have chosen to ignore the deaths related by Samuel Pepys with the exception of the death and funeral of Tom Whitton. The events documented in the topic map are:

  • Samuel works at the Navy Office. I have created a new event type "working-event" and a new role type of "worker" to model the generic event of someone doing some unspecified work.
  • Tom Whitton's funeral is held today. Samuel does not attend, nor does he relate who does attend so the event has only one participant - the deceased.
  • Samuel dines with his family and his father at the Pepys' house in Seething Lane.
  • Samuel and his father meet Dr John Williams at an alehouse in Shoe Lane.

The final sentence of the diary relates Samuel's concern for his Aunt Fenner who he says is on the point of death. However as there is little other information here, this is not modelled in the topic map.

Todays new and updated files:

Today's diary entry

Core ontology for the diary

Places in the diary.

People in the diary

Dates in the diary

Posted by Kal at 02:46 PM | Comments (0)

August 16, 2004

Pepys-Map: 15th August 1661

Another busy day described by today's diary entry.

  • Pepys goes to the Privy Seal and Whitehall. I have assumed that the order in which the places were visited is the order described by Pepys, and so have modelled this event as a journey starting from the Pepys' home in Seething Lane, ending at Whitehall and going via Privy Seal. The diary does not say that he visits the Lord Privy Seal or meets anyone at Whitehall, so this journey takes in only the places and there are no meeting events.
  • Sir William Penn gives Samuel a lift back to St. Pauls in his coach. This is modelled as a separate journey event.
  • Pepys walks from St Pauls to The Wardrobe where he dines with Lady Jemima Montague. During the course of his visit, he tells Lady Montague of the state of health of her husband (learnt by letter in yesterday's entry) and learns of the state of health of her son, Lord Hinchingbroke. This sequence of events is modelled as a journey event, a dining event and a discussion event. Use is made of the topics that represent the illnesses of Montague pere et fils to describe the subjects of conversation. I have also updated yesterday's entry to make Sir Edward's illness the subject of the letter Pepys received.
  • Following lunch, Pepys goes to the Opera to see a performance of 'The Wits' a new play by Sir William Davenant. The performance is also attended by the King and by the Duke and Duchess of York.
  • Samuel begins his journey home but is persuaded to stop off at the Dolphin by Penn who passes him in his coach. Samuel's journey is modelled as a journey event with a route starting at the Opera, ending at his home and going via the Dolphin. Penn's route is described as being from the Theatre Royal and ends at the Dolphin. The ensuing drinking is recorded as a separate event which, for context I have described as occurring during Samuel's journey home.

New and updated topic maps:

Topic map for today's entry

Topic Map for 14th August 1661

Cultural artifacts in the diary

Places in the diary

Dates in the diary

People in the diary

Posted by Kal at 09:41 PM | Comments (0)

August 15, 2004

Pepys-Map: 14th August 1661

I'm back from holidays (very nice, thank you...) and back into the diary again. Ta muchly to Stuart for his stewardship of the blog over the last couple of weeks and for getting some of the much needed tidying up done...I owe you a beer or four!

So, back to business. In today's entry:

  • Samuel goes with Penn and Batten to discuss the state of the Navy with the Duke of York. I have added a few "background details" for the Duke of York, James Stuart - later to be crowned King James II of England.
  • The Duke of York discuesses the state of the Navy with the King. Although it is not certain that this occurred (it is merely promised by the Duke), I've modelled it here and created a new association type of cause-result to link the previous discussion event with this discussion event).
  • Samuel dines with Jemima Montague.
  • Samuel and Robert Ferrer attend a perfomance of 'The Alchemist' at the Theatre Royal. Also in the audience at this performance is Sir William Penn.
  • Samuel and Robert Ferrer are given a ride home by Penn. The first leg of the journey takes them to St. Pauls where Ferrer gets off - this is modelled as one journey. The second leg takes Penn and Pepys to Penn's residence and this is modelled as a second journey that starts after the first.
  • Pepys and Penn go to the Dolphin and buy some wine.
  • Pepys returns home.
  • Pepys finds a letter from John Creed which informs him that Sir Edward Montague's health is improved. The diary says that the letter was from 15th July , but it is not clear if Pepys means that it is a letter he received before today and then misplaced (I doubt it) or if it was a letter that took about a month to arrive! Given the uncertainty, I have modelled the correspondence event with only a start date.

New and updated topic map files:


Topic map for this entry.


Core diary ontology.


Places in the diary.


People in the diary.


Dates in the diary.


Cultural artifacts in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 04:17 PM | Comments (0)

August 14, 2004

Pepys-Map: 13th August 1661

In today's entry, the following events are modelled:

  • Samuel spends the morning at the Privy Seal.
  • He visits the wardrobe for lunch, where he meets his wife and Edward Montagu.
  • He visits his father, and they discuss his sister.
  • A Mrs Cordery pays Samuel's father a visit.
  • Samuel and his father meet with a number of relatives in the Mitre, where they discuss the estate of Robert Pepys.
  • Samuel returns home.
  • Lady Jemima Montagu sends her sons Oliver, John, and Sidney to stay with the Pepys out of fear that Edward has smallpox.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Core diary ontology.

Places in the diary.

People in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 12:47 AM | Comments (0)

August 13, 2004

Pepys-Map: 11th and 12th August 1661

Another missed entry yesterday — this time gin is not to blame, just a very busy day. So today's blog covers both 12th and 11th August.

In yesterday's entry Samuel goes to church twice; once locally and once in Clerkenwell, where he sees and comments upon the Butler sisters. He then walks in the grounds of Gray's Inn where he meets Ned Pickering, who tells him of the King's hunt the previous day. He dines at his father's and returns home.

In today's entry after spending the morning in the office, Samuel receives news that Lord Hinchingbroke (Edward Montagu junior) is unwell; he goes to visit him and finds him extremely unwell, apparently in fear of smallpox. Samuel himself is concerned that it is a result of fruit he gave him on Saturday 10th. Samuel dines with Jemima Montagu, and learns that Edward Montagu senior (Lord Sandwich) is also unwell. Finally, he dines with Sir Thomas Crew.

I had to incorpotate the map for 10th August, and provide a subject indicator for the eating of the fruit, so that a reference can be made to it in respect of the illness. As a result the map for that entry has also been updated. In the update, I have also separated out Lord Hinchingbroke from the four unknown children of Lady Montagu.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for 12th August.

Topic map for 11th August.

Updated topic map for 10th August.

Core diary ontology.

Places in the diary.

People in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 08:44 PM | Comments (0)

August 11, 2004

Pepys-Map: 10th August 1661

In today's entry Samuel meets the new chamber maid (and comments on her ugliness). He is then visited by his father, and in turn they visit his uncle Wight to discuss the estate of Robert Pepys. He visits and dines with Lady Montagu, and takes some of her children to the theatre with Captain Ferrers. Finally, they drink back at the Pepys' house.

One point to note: the children of Jemima Montagu that he takes to the theatre remain unidentified except in number (there are four of them). As Jemima had a total of 11 children, I haven't tried to guess which, and so created a topic type of "People" for groups of unnamed individuals.

Other than that, I realise that we do not actually have the Montagu's residence as a a topic; which is odd as Samuel visits them so often. I'm going to have to do a little research to find out what it is, and then I'll add it, including modelling the final event of today: Samuel taking them all home.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Core diary ontology.

Places in the diary.

People in the diary.

Culture in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 08:21 PM | Comments (0)

August 10, 2004

Pepys-Map: 9th August 1661

A very busy day today. The following events are modelled:

  • Samuel goes to the office, where he receives news that Andrew Pearse is dying.
  • Samuel visits Pearce, and then returns to the office.
  • Receiving news that Sir George Carteret has invited officers to lunch, Samuel leaves the office to see if he is called to join them; he is not.
  • Dining at home instead, Thomas Hayter brings news that his wife is in labour, and Elizabeth Pepys leaves with him to see her.
  • Samuel goes to Whitehall, where he meets the Lord Privy Seal, and conducts some business with him.
  • Samuel and M d'Esquier visit Elizabeth Pearce, who is pregnant, and meet a Mrs Clifford there.
  • Samuel visits his father, and returns home, where his wife informs him Mrs Hayter is still in labour.

Not just a lot of events, but a lot of difficult ones as well today.

Samuel's leaving of the office to see if he is actually called to lunch with Sir George I have simply left as an event. Henry Moore's reading of the bills in the Lord Privy's chambers is also classed just as an event; this is more because it seems to be some kind of legal protocol, and I don't know the details.

The main point of note, though, is an illness, pregnancy, and labour all being mentioned on one day have led me to create a class of health events, with subclasses of pregnancy, labour, and illness (more subclasses will undoubtably come... just wait for 1665). There is a patient role, and the individual events are given occurs associations using start-before today, or start on today. I included the individual events in the pepys-diary-people map as it directly relates to them, and may be referenced on more than one day. So, for instance:

/* In pepys-diary-people.ltm */
[mrs-hayter-labour : labour = "Mrs Hayter's labour (9th August 1661)
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/pepys/people/#mrs-hayter-labour"]
occurs ( mrs-hayter-labour : event, date-16610809 : start )
participation ( mrs-hayter-labour : event,
  mrs-hayter : patient )

/* In 16610809.ltm */
[event-16610809-08 : news-event =
  "Samuel and his wife receive news from Thomas Hayter that his wife is pregnant (9th August 1661)";"16610809-08"]
occurs ( today : on,
  event-16610809-08 : event )
participation ( event-16610809-08 : event,
  samuel-pepys : recipient,
  elizabeth-pepys : recipient,
  thomas-hayter : informant,
  seething-lane-house : place )
event-subject ( event-16610809-08 : event,
  mrs-hayter-labour : subject )

I may retrospectively implement these classes in previous entries.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Core diary ontology.

Places in the diary.

People in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 01:49 AM | Comments (0)

August 09, 2004

Pepys-Map: 7th and 8th August 1661

Birthdays, gin and regular updates do not mix well; an unplanned hangover-event prohibited an update yesterday, so two days today, and apologies. I shall try to avoid this again.

In yesterday's entry Samuel travels with an unnamed companion from Baldwick back to London, stopping to walk in the Hatfield House grounds. Back in London he meets Dean William Fuller at home, and with him visits Lady Montagu. There he meets Henry Moore, who reminds him he is required to wait on the Lord Privy Seal the next day.

In today's entry Samuel goes to the Privy Seal in the morning, but Lord Robartes does not turn up. He goes to the Wardrobe to eat with Henry Moore, where he sees Lady Montagu, and then returns to the Privy Seal. Lord Robartes again does not turn up, and Samuel is far from pleased. In the evening, he goes to a tavern with some friends, and notes a discussion about music which causes one member of the group to leave in anger.

I've also amended the entry for the 6th, moving the inn in Baldwick to places rather than having it as a local topic on the 6th, as it is used again in the entry for the seventh. So there is an updated file for that provided as well today.

I've also added an informant role type for news-events.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for 8th August.

Topic map for 7th August.

Updated topic map for 6th August.

Core diary ontology.

Places in the diary.

People in the diary.

Culture in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 07:55 PM | Comments (0)

August 07, 2004

Pepys-Map: 6th August 1661

Today's entry models the following events:

  • Samuel goes to Lewis Phillips' house, but is away in Huntingdon.
  • Samuel rides to Huntingdon, where he drinks with Phillips and Tom Trice.
  • He returns to Brampton with Tom Trice, who goes to Goody Gorham's alehouse whilst Samuel returns to dine with his father.
  • Samuel and his father join Trice in the alehouse.
  • Samuel intends to ride to London, but the poor roads force him to stop at Baldwick.
  • He visits the church in Baldwick, and comments on the Quakers.
  • He dines and takes a room for the night in Baldwick.

The only point of note is the creation of an Inn topic type; differentiated from taverns in that inns offer lodging.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Places in the diary.

People in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 05:27 PM | Comments (0)

Pepys-Map: 5th August 1661

In today's entry, Samuel travels to Brampton where he sees his father, on to Yelling where he meets his cousin Nightingale and discusses his Gravely lands with her. Following this conversation (specific details are not reported) he travels on to Gravely where he has a conversation with one of his tenants.

No new ontological development to report; however, I noticed in my print copy that the church in Impington where Samuel attends services yesterday is St Andrews (I left it unidentified in the topic map). I've amended the topic map for that day, and uploaded it as well.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Amended topic map for yesterday's entry.

Places in the diary.

People in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 12:38 AM | Comments (0)

August 05, 2004

Pepys-Map: 4th August 1661

A repetitive day today: Samuel discusses his uncle's will with his cousin Roger and then attends church, dines, attends church again, and dines again with Roger and his uncle Talbot. Finally, another discussion with Roger; this time about politics.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Places in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 11:25 PM | Comments (0)

August 04, 2004

Pepys-Map: 3rd August 1661

In today's entry, the following events are modelled:

  • Samuel rides to Barkway, en route to Cambridge, where he meets a letter-carrier.
  • He carries on to Cambridge with the letter-carrier.
  • He visits his cousin at the Assizes at Castle Hill.
  • He dines with his cousins Roger and John, and a gentleman named Claxton.
  • He drinks in the Rose Tavern with some others.
  • He finally travels to Impington with his cousins.

Not much development today (phew!). I created an instance of Assizes for the Cambridge Assizes, and did a bit of research to find the Pepys' house in Impington was Impington Hall. Samuel mentions travelling to Impington with Roger Pepys “and his two brothers”, but the only brother of Roger I can identify is (Dr) John Pepys, so I have had to create a local topic for him (Unnamed brother of Roger Pepys). Should he ever be identified the PSI can be added.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Culture in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 08:38 PM | Comments (0)

August 03, 2004

Pepys-Map: 2nd August 1661

Another short entry today. Samuel spends the morning at the office, dines with his cousin and is visited by his brother, and then rides to Ware (en route to Cambridge); having an enlightening conversation with a Quaker on the way.

I introduced a practises religion association to document the Quaker's religion. I've also added this to Joseph Hill in people, as he is a Presbyter:

/* From ontology */
[practises-religion = "Practises Religion"
  = "Practised By" / practised
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/culture/#practises-religion"]
[practised = "Practised"
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/culture/#practised"]
[adherent = "Adherent"
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/culture/#adherent"]
/* From people */
practises-religion ( joseph-hill : adherent, presbyterianism : practised )

Other than that, I've added an en route to role in the travelling list to show when the described journey is a stage on the way to another place.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Culture in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 09:57 AM | Comments (0)

August 02, 2004

Pepys-Map: July and edits

In celebration of the first month of the Pepys Map, I've uploaded a zip file of all the entries for July, including my retrospective revisions and editorial tidying. The zip file also includes all the ontological files, and 166107.ltm which is a simple map that merges all the others. If you can't be bothered with all of that, then 166107.xtm is the whole lot pre-merged as XTM.

I haven't overwritten the current uploads with the amended entries, in case Kal comes back from holiday and really hates what I've done; so 166107.zip is the “guest editor's” view of the month, venison pasties and all.

Posted by Stuart at 08:33 PM | Comments (1)

Pepys-Map: 1st August 1661

In today's entry the following events are modelled:

  • Samuel travels to Walthomstow with a number of others.
  • On the way, he gossips with Mrs Browne.
  • He gives Mrs Browne a gift for her boy.
  • They dine at Walthomstow.
  • Samuel hears some opinion on Lady Batten.
  • They return home.

Although not much happens, this entry has led to a lot of ontological development.

Firstly, I introduced a gift event type, and giver and gift roles (the existing recipient topic is used for that role); so:

[event-16610801-03 : gift-event
= "Samuel gives Mrs Browne six silver spoons for her boy (1st August 1661)" ;"16610801-03"]
occurs ( event-16610801-03 : event, event-16610801-01 : during )
participation (event-16610801-03 : event,
  samuel-pepys : giver,
  mrs-browne : recipient,
  spoons : gift )

Secondly, due to the plethora of venison pasties consumed this month, I added a foodstuff type (individual instances thereof to occur in the culture map), and a consumed role to be added to dining events:

[event-16610801-04 : dining-event
= "Samuel and company dine at Walthamstow (1st August 1661)";"16610801-04"]
occurs ( event-16610801-04 : event, today : on )
participation( event-16610801-04 : event,
  samuel-pepys : diner,
  elizabeth-pepys : diner,
  william-batten : diner,
  william-penn : diner,
  margaret-penn : diner,
  venison-pasty : consumed,
  walthamstow : place )
/* In culture */
[venison-pasty : foodstuff = "Venison Pasty"
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/pepys/subjects/#venison-pasty"]

This has been retrospectively added to the previous entries in which the food consumed is named (see the next post for the updates).

Finally, as once more there is reported news (see 29th July) I have included a news event association type:

[event-16610801-05 : news-event
= "Samuel hears his nurse's husband's opinion of Lady Batten (1st August 1661)";"16610801-05"]
occurs ( event-16610801-05 : event, today : on )
participation( event-16610801-05 : event,
  samuel-pepys : recipient )
event-subject ( event-16610801-05 : event,
  lady-batten : subject )
event-subject ( event-16610801-05 : event,
  nurses-husband : subject )
{lady-batten, description,
[[She was such a man's whore, who indeed is known to leave her her estate.]]} / nurses-husband event-16610801-05

The timescale of this entry is a little unclear – I have worked on the principle that Mrs Browne is coincidentally in the same coach to Walthamstow, and that the interactions with her take place on the journey. Another possible interpretation is that it is she they are visiting in Walthamstow. I have also only included Samuel and Elizabeth on the return journey, as there is no explicit mention of the others returning.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Culture in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 08:16 PM | Comments (0)

August 01, 2004

Pepys-Map: 31st July 1661

Today's entry is very short, consisting of a singing lesson, trip to the office theatre trip, and a loan.

The loan marked the only significant development. Firstly, I've added a Value topic which has been superclassed to purchase price for more general monetary occurrences. Topics for the loan event, repayment events, the loan itself, and lender and borrower roles have also been added:

[value = "Value"
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/pepys/#value"]
[loan-event = "A Loan"
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/events/#loan-event"]
[repayment-event = "A Loan Repayment"
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/events/#repayment-event"]
[lender = "Lender"
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/events/#lender"]
[borrower = "Borrower"
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/events/#borrower"]
[loan = "Loan"
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/events/#loan"]

Today's loan then is:

[event-16610731-05 : loan-event
  = "Samuel borrows money from Sir William Batten (31st July 1661)";"16610731-05"]
occurs( event-16610731-05 : event,  today : on )
participation( event-16610731-05 : event,
  samuel-pepys : borrower,
  sir-william-batten : lender,
  loan-16610731 : loan )
[loan-16610731 = "Loan from Batten to Pepys"]
{loan-16610731, value, [[£40]]} / event-16610731-05

In honour of the end of the first month of this mapping exercise, I spent last night tidying up all the existing day entries, retrospectively implementing new topics (such as loan). It's not quite finished yet, but later today or tomorrow I'll be uploading them all. But for now:

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Culture in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 09:18 AM | Comments (0)

July 31, 2004

Pepys-Map: 30th July 1661

In today's entry, the following events are modelled:


  • Samuel has a singing lesson.

  • He goes to Whitehall and Westminster, where he comments on politics.

  • He goes on to the King's Wardrobe, meeting the King on the way.

  • At the Wardrobe, he dines with Lady Montagu, and meets his cousin Thomas.

  • He returns to his office, where he discusses Tangier.

  • Back at home, he meets his friend Henry Moore, with whom he walks to the City, and then on alone to Fleet Street.

  • In Fleet Street he meets a Mr Salisbury and goes to a tavern with him where they additionally meet Richard Hoare.

  • Finally, he returns home and writes to his father and patron.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Culturein the diary.

Places in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 11:39 AM | Comments (0)

July 30, 2004

Pepys-Map: 29th July 1661

Another simple entry today . Samuel visits a house adjacent to the Navy Office with a view to taking it over, dines and chats with his brother, and then they visit his mother with whom they discuss money.

Not much worthy of note today: I created a topic for “John Pepys London house” as it is discussed but there is no indication of the address. News arrives whilst Pepys is at his mother's of three ill relatives; I have included this as a contextual mention, but maybe there should be a simple news event.

Kal and I seem to have different ideas on topic name capitalisation, and it's starting to look a little untidy. Once I have persuaded him with the forceable use of my heavy copy of the Oxford Style Manual to do it my way, I'll go back and tidy them up.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 11:56 AM | Comments (0)

July 29, 2004

Pepys-Map: 28th July 1661

The entry for today is quite short. The Pepys are visited by Mrs Ramsey, with whom they attend church, and then take back home to dine. They attend church again in the afternoon, and return this time with Sir William Penn. Elizabeth Pepys then leaves with Penn to visit his daughter, about whom she has disparaging remarks to make.

Not too much development today. I introduced an event subclass of church service, and it seemed sensible to change the classing of funeral as a result to a subclass of this new topic. Other than that, the only point of note is the decision to include Elizabeth's assessment of Margaret Lowther's looks as a occurrence on Margaret Lowther, scoped by the event as well as by Elizabeth Pepys. The rationale for this is that, whilst previous descriptive additions have been Samuel commenting on an event, this note deserves to be an occurrence on Margaret Lowther herself. By including a scope of the event a connection is provided to the relevant diary entry, and allows for changing opinion through the course of the diary.

St Olave's church has been added to places.

I left unmodelled a domestic incident regarding control of linen. Perhaps it might be worth including an incidental event type for this kind of happening, where the nature of the event is included as a description.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 04:20 PM | Comments (0)

July 28, 2004

Pepys-Map: 27th July 1661

In today's entry Samuel spends the day visiting friends. The following events are modelled:


  • Samuel goes to Westminster, where he hears a guitar recital.

  • He goes on the Westminster Hall, where he has a discussion with George Montagu.

  • He joins his wife and a number of friends at the Kings Wardrobe, where he enjoys a venison pasty.

  • With his wife, he takes Jemima Carteret and Paulina Montagu to see his house, going via London Bridge to show them the ships.

  • He sees the Montague daughter home with his wife, and they return to the Seething Lane house.

  • Finally, he writes to his father.

A couple of new introductions to the ontology were required for this entry. Firstly, I added instrument to the roles available for a performance event, and created guitar and voice instances thereof. I also introduced a friend-of association to document the French friend of M d'Esquier; I have therefore added some additional friendship relationships to the people map for those individuals Samuel refers to a friends in the diary. I also added a via role for travelling events, to document the trip home via London Bridge.

Looking over the people map lit the spark of my days as an encyclopedia editor, so I went through all the names and attempted some standardisation of the names. The usual system for indexing is “Surname, Name (Honorific) (Title)”, for instance “Montagu, Edward (Sir) (Earl of Sandwich)”; peers should also be indexed via the title, but as LTM only allows for one sort name I opted for the above, as the title itself is indexed separately as part of the office holding event. I have not attempted to standardise the use of Mr and Mrs (except by removing the point for all, in line with modern usage); this is something I will discuss with Kal. An example peerage entry is then:


[sir-edward-montagu : man = "Sir Edward Montague (Earl of Sandwich)"; "Montagu, Edward (Sir) (Earl of Sandwich)"
= "My Lord" / samuel-pepys
= "Earl of Sandwich" / sir-edward-montagu-earl-of-sandwich
@"http://www.pepysdiary.com/p/112.php"]
[sir-edward-montagu-earl-of-sandwich : office-holding-event
= "Sir Edward Montagu, Earl of Sandwich"
= "Earl of Sandwich" / sir-edward-montagu-earl-of-sandwich]
participation( sir-edward-montagu-earl-of-sandwich : event,
sir-edward-montagu : office-holder,
earl-of-sandwich : office-held )
[earl-of-sandwich : office = "Earl of Sandwich"]

Unnamed people are subindexed to a known connection:


[thomas-townshend-wife : woman = "Unnamed Wife of Thomas Townshend";"Townshend, Thomas; wife of"
@"http://www.techquila.com/psi/pepys/people/#thomas-townshend-wife"]
married-to (thomas-townshend : spouse, thomas-townshend-wife : spouse)
[captain-ferrers-lady : woman = "Unnamed Lady of Captain Ferrers";"Ferrers, Robert; lady of"
@"http://www.techquila.com/psi/pepys/people/#captain-ferrers-lady"]
friend-of ( captain-ferrers-lady : friend, samuel-pepys : friend )

These can, of course, be amended if their identity is later made clear. The latter in particular proved ambiguous as the diary refers to “Captain Ferrers' lady” – the precise relationship being unclear, I could not include a married-to association, so made do with a insinuative friend-of, arched eyebrows and all.

I have also split out non-diary dates to a separate pepys-diary-dates map; later I will move all the diary entry dates there. The dates map provides the Gregorian dates as alternative base names (scoped by a new topic gregorian), and I would propose to additionally provide a name scoped by dairy-entry, as the diary entries name the day of the week, for instance:


[date-16610715 : date = "15th July 1661"; "16610715"
= "Monday 15th July 1661"; "16610715" / diary-entry
= "25th July 1661";"16610725" / gregorian
@"http://www.techquila.com/psi/date-time/?gDateTime=1661-07-25"]

It occurs to me that as the map expands, some editorial guidelines will be very useful. I therefore intend to create an additional map, pepys-diary-editorial, which provides occurences of type editorial note for thematic and ontological topics. This will also be useful if the pool of editors expands beyond Kal and I.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Family relationships ontology.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Culture in the diary.

Dates in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 06:00 PM | Comments (0)

July 27, 2004

Pepys-Map: 26th July 1661

Today's entry consists mainly of two chance encounters – with a Mr. Joseph Hill and with Samuel's friend Henry Moore – and the conversations he has with them concerning politics and his uncle Robert's will respectively.

The abstractions which Mr. Hill and Samuel discuss (the Church, the state, etc.) has led me to introduce a new topic map entitled pepys-diary-culture, in which topics relating to all aspects of culture are included for merging. This includes politics, religion, and education as well as art and letters. I shall over the next two weeks be going back over the published entry maps, and transferring relevant topics to the new map.

The continuing references to Samuel's uncle's estate has led to a similar decision with respect to “things”. The new map pepys-map-artifacts recurring objects, including abstractions such as the estate.

Finally, to faciliate the culture aspect, I've introduced an ontological term of “institution” as a wide-ranging topic which indicates that a place has organisational or corporate significance. This includes Parliament, university colleges, and so on.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Family relationships ontology.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Culture in the diary.

Artifacts in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 02:10 PM | Comments (0)

July 26, 2004

Pepys-Map: 25th July 1661

From today's entry the following events are modelled:

  • Samuel receives a box of his uncle's papers.
  • Samuel visits the Royal Exchange, where he meets his uncle Wight and discusses his father.
  • A visit to his mother.
  • A trip to the theatre.
  • Finally, he writes a letter to his father.

As Samuel both receives and sends correspondence today, I thought I would add some topics for correspondence. A correspondence event topic has been created to cover both sending and receipt of correspondence, and then a simple participation association is used to document sender, sender address, recipient, receipient address, and the item involved. If required, we can develop a more structured view of this later.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Family relationships ontology.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 11:43 AM | Comments (0)

July 25, 2004

Pepys-Map: Another note about dates

The PSIs for the 1661 dates for 21 July, 22 July and 23 July had been incorrectly calculated in the conversion to Gregorian (see the previous note); these topic maps have been reloaded with corrections.

I checked the further entries with a rather natty multiple calendar converter here.

The corrected topics maps are:

Posted by Stuart at 09:45 PM | Comments (0)

Pepys-Map: 24th July 1661

From today's entry the following events are modelled:

  • Elizabeth tells Samuel of a theft.
  • Samuel and Elizabeth travel to Whitehall, and Samuel on to his cousin Thomas Pepys where they discuss Thomas's father's will. They encounter one Sir George Lane, who is interested in leasing the house (part of the estate).
  • Finally, Samuel travels around a bit, visiting the Wardrobe, Lady Jemima Montagu, popping back home, to the office, and finally back home again.

A busy day for my first entry as guest editor. The most interesting event is the discussion with Sir George Lane regarding a lease on Thomas Pepys' house. The house forms part of the estate of Robert Pepys, and is currently inhabited by Thomas. Originally I simply modelled this as a discussion between Thomas, Samuel and Lane regarding the estate (for which a topic has been previously created); however I decided to revise this and create a topic specifically for the house as it is the subject of a later lease, and is also the location of the surrounding events.

I added a "located near" association type as the house is near St Martins Lane, rather than actually on it. More specific proximity associations may be useful.

To model the theft, I created a theft event type, and dated an instance of it as "start before" the current date, as the actual date of the theft is not stated; this event was then used as the subject for a discussion between Elizabeth and Samuel.

At the end of the entry, Samuel learns that his servant Will Hewer also lost a clock in the theft (and is apparently "very glad" at this). As there are no details of who imparts this information, I have left it currently unmodelled.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Family relationships ontology.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Posted by Stuart at 08:40 PM | Comments (0)

Guest Editor!

Please welcome Stuart Brown of OxfordML as "guest editor" for the Pepys' topic maps. I'm going to be off on holiday from the end of next week and Stuart has very kindly agreed to take on the task of keeping up with the diary in my absence.

Posted by Kal at 03:18 PM | Comments (1)

July 24, 2004

Pepys-Map: 23rd July 1661

From today's entry the following events are modelled:


  • Samuel visits William Penn and William Batten - although it is not crystal clear from the text, I have modelled this as two separate visiting events.

  • Samuel goes to Westminster Hall, during which Samuel meets Ann Mitchell (a bookseller at Westminster).

  • A performance of the play "Brennoralt" at the Theatre Royal, attended by Samuel and also by Barbara Villiers (the King's mistress - a new association type 'lover-of' has been introduced to model this relationship).

  • A discussion between Samuel and his uncle Thomas about the estate of Robert Pepys.

  • Samuel meets meets with his aunt Mary Wight.

This last event is a little tricky as Samuel had intended to visit his uncle William Wight, but on finding him out stayed for a while with his aunt. The question is whether intention should be modelled in the topic map and if so, how. Alternatively (and the approach I have taken) we simply model the reported facts and not the reported intention - thus we can say that Samuel had an unintentional "meeting" with his aunt (if his uncle had been in, then the event would have been an intentional "visit").

Finally there is the mention of Pepys' sister "Pall" - however as this mention is not linked in to any particular event, I currently lack the means to model it. I could, of course, create a "mentioned" association between the topic representing "Pall" with a topic representing the diary entry, but then by extension every other person and place mentioned by the diary should also be associated in this way. For now my decision is to leave out the mention and continue to focus just on modelling the people, places and events reported in the diary and to leave out modelling of intentions or thoughts.


New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Family relationships ontology.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 03:29 PM | Comments (0)

July 23, 2004

Pepys-Map: 22nd July 1661

Today's entry consists principally of Samuel's journey from Brampton to London via Hatfield House. I have modelled the entire journey as three separate stages: from Brampton to the Salisbury Arms (in what is now Hertford); from the Salisbury Arms to Smithfield; and from somewhere in London to his home in Seething Lane. The main reason for doing this, rather than modelling the entire journey as one topic is that on the way Samuel picks up a fellow traveller and we are also given some specific times for certain stages of the journey. With these things taken into consideration I felt it easier to model the trip as a sequence of separate journeys.

Also worth noting with today's entry, I have added a birth event type which is used to model genealogical information about William Cecil:

[william-cecil-birth : birth = 
  "Birth of William Cecil (28th March 1591)"]
occurs( william-cecil-birth : event, date-15910328 : on)
participation( william-cecil-birth : event,
  william-cecil : born )

Samuel Pepys' relationship to Thomas Fenner (Fenner is his uncle) is not modelled directly by an uncle-nephew association, but instead through more "primitive" family relationships. So Thomas is married to Katherine, Katherine is the sibling of Margaret and Margaret is the parent of Samuel. It may seem a bit contorted at first, but Margaret is also metioned in today's entry, so her relationship to Samuel would have been modelled anyway:

[thomas-fenner : man = "Thomas Fenner"; "Fenner, Thomas"
  @"http://www.pepysdiary.com/p/749.php"]
married-to( katherine-kite : spouse, thomas-fenner : spouse )
[katherine-kite : woman = "Katherine Kite"; "Kite, Katherine" / maiden-name
  = "Katherine Fenner";"Fenner, Katherine"]
sibling-of( katherine-kite : sibling, margaret-pepys : sibling )
[margaret-pepys : woman = "Margaret Kite"; "Kite, Margaret" / maiden-name
  = "Margaret Pepys";"Pepys, Margaret"
  @"http://www.pepysdiary.com/p/282.php"]
married-to( margaret-pepys : spouse, john-pepys : spouse )
parent-of ( margaret-pepys : parent, samuel-pepys : child )

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Family relationships ontology.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 04:03 PM | Comments (0)

July 22, 2004

Pepys-Map: 21st July 1661

In today's entry I have to deal with some new subject identifiers for existing topics and an extension of the purchasing event to cover an exchange of money for legal documents.

The first event of the day is a dinner at the Pepy's farm with William and Joan Stankes as guests. I originally created a topic for Joan Stankes at the time that I first created a topic for William Stankes. At that point, there was no separate page on the pepysdiary.com site for Joan, so I created a subject identifier for the subject "Joan Stankes" using the techquila.com domain. However as a new page has now appeared on the pepysdiary.com site for Joan, I can make use of that as a subject identifier. Fortunately a topic is allowed to have multiple subject identifiers, so this change is simply a question of adding the subject identifier to the topic definition in the "people" topic map:

[joan-stankes : woman = "Joan Stankes";"Stankes, Joan"
  = "Goody Stankes";"Stankes, Goody"
  @"http://www.pepysdiary.com/p/2810.php"]

The next event is a discussion between several people including Samuel about business related to the execution of Robert Pepys' will. The diary does specifically mention a deal relating to the future of Ann Pepys (wife of the late Robert), but also says that they came to agreement that other aspects of the will should be resolved through the law. So I have modelled this disucssion as being about both the subject "Ann Pepys" and the subject "Robert Pepys' Estate" - the two are, to my mind, interlinked in this discussion (as they are only talking about Ann in relationship to the execution of the will) and so I use a single "event-subject" association that includes both topics as players of the role "subject".

event-subject( event-16610721-2 : event,
  robert-pepys-estate : subject,
  ann-pepys : subject )

The next event described is the one that is written about last in the diary entry - that is the exchange of 20 pounds for the lease of some land. The language here is somewhat arcane, but as I understand it in this transaction Samuel Pepys holds the lease which is an inheritance from his uncle Robert and William Luffe pays a bond of 20 pounds to receive that lease. This event is witnessed by Lewis Phillips, Robert Barnwell and Richard Piggot.

I decided to model this transaction as a purchasing event, which requires a new role of "vendor" which we have not had before. In addition this event is witnessed and so we need a role of "witness" to be added as well. Finally, I decided that there is a more general concept of "legal transaction" which purchasing could be seen as a subclass of, so it is necessary to insert that subject into the topic type hierarchy.

From pepys-diary-ontology.ltm

/* Legal */
[legal-transaction = "A Legal Transaction" 
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/events/#transaction"]
superclass-subclass(event : superclass, legal-transaction : subclass)
[witness = "Witness"
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/events/#witness"]
/* Purchasing */
[purchasing-event = "A Purchase"
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/events/#purchasing-event"]
superclass-subclass(legal-transaction : superclass, 
  purchasing-event : subclass)
[purchaser = "Purchaser"
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/events/#purchaser"]
[purchased = "Purchased Thing"
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/events/#purchased"]
[vendor = "Vendor"
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/events/#vendor"]

As with previous purchasing events, the price paid is recorded as an occurrence on the topic representing the item purchased (in this case the lease). As the price is given in the context of the transaction described by the event topic, that topic is used as a scope. This would allow, for example, multiple prices to be attached to a lease as it changes hands and each price to be related to the exchange where that price was paid.

From the diary entry topic map:

participation( event-16610721-3 : event,
  william-luffe : purchaser,
  samuel-pepys  : vendor,
  lease : purchased,
  lewis-phillips : witness,
  robert-barnwell : witness,
  richard-pigott : witness,
  pepys-farm : place )
[lease = "Lease of lands at Sturtlow"]
{lease, purchase-price, [[£20]]} / event-16610721-3

The final event described today is a simple dining event with Robert Barnwell, John Bowles as guests of Samuel Pepys.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Family relationships ontology.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 02:28 PM | Comments (0)

July 21, 2004

Pepys-Map : Note about dates

Having just borrowed a copy of the Pepys' diaries (edited by R.C. Latham and W. Matthews), I have discovered from reading the notes that the diary entry dates are given not in the Gregorian calendar, but in the Julian calendar. This means that the dates given in the diary are actually 10 days earlier than the corresponding Georgian calendar date.

From now on I will be using the Julian dates in the titles of date and date-time instances, but will translate the subject indicator URI properly. e.g.

[today : date = "Saturday 20th July 1661"; "16610720"
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/date-time/?gDateTime=1661-06-30"]

During the forthcoming refactoring of the already published topic maps I'll be updating all date-time subject indicators to make them consistent.

Posted by Kal at 03:03 PM | Comments (0)

Pepys-Map: 20th July 1661

Today's entry centers around Samuel's trip to Huntingdon. No details are given about his journey there, so this is not modelled explicity as a separate topic. Rather the diary entry starts with his visit to Sir Robert Bernard. During this visit several other events take place:

1) A discussion with Jaspar Trice about the estate of Robert Pepys
2) A discussion with Sir Robert Bernard about a debt owed to the two men
3) Dinner with Sir Robert Bernard and Lady Digby (Bernard's wife)

Following this, Samuel visits Lewis Phillips and then meets several people in a tavern identified only as "Mother ???"

The boozing ends at about 9pm according to the diary when Samuel walks home. Seeing as we have more specific details about this journey (start time and method of travel), the journey home is represented by a topic.

The final event described is Samuel's visit to Goody Gorham's alehouse to discuss business with his father, Tom Trice and others.


New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Family relationships ontology.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 02:53 PM | Comments (0)

July 20, 2004

Pepys-Map: 16th - 19th July 1661

Today's entry introduces two new individuals, and demonstrates the use of associations to model partial knowledge.

First, Mr. Stankes is mentioned as being appointed as the bailie (bayly) for the Pepy's interests at Brampton. This is modelled as a new office-holding event with a start date placed some time in the range covered by this entry (16th to 19th July).

Samuel writes that his father and himself travel across the lands that they own, mentioning Offord and Sturtlow in particular. Although the diary does not tell us whether this is two separate journeys or a single tour, I have chosen to model it as two separate travelling events, each starting and ending within the date range of the entry.

The second new individual is Sir Robert Bernard, Sargeant-at-law, Lord of the Manor at Brampton and Recorder of Huntingdon. I have modelled all three offices as three separate office-holding events. All we know from today's entry is that Sir Robert has arrived in the country - we do not know where he has travelled from or when he departed, nor do we know for sure that he arrived on the day of the diary entry. As a result of all of this uncertainty, the travelling event is modelled quite loosely with the unknown factors being left out of the association.

[event-16610719-4 : journey = "Sir Robert Bernard travels to Brampton"; "16610719-4"]
occurs( event-16610719-4 : event,
  end-before : today)
participation( event-16610719-4 : event,
  sir-robert-bernard : traveller )
route-taken( event-16610719-4 : event,
  huntingdon : route-end )


New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Family relationships ontology.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 01:29 PM | Comments (0)

July 19, 2004

Pepys-Map: 15th July 1661

Today's entry although quite long does not introduce much in the way of new concepts. The only new event type introduced here is a "meeting-event" to describe the party at the Rose Tavern:

Then with Dr. Fairbrother (whom I met there) to the Rose tavern, and called for some wine, and there met fortunately with Mr. Turner of our office, and sent for his wife, and were very merry (they being come to settle their son here), and sent also for Mr. Sanchy, of Magdalen...

In this quote, the concept of "visit" that we have used so far (a person travels to a location with the intention of being at that location or interacting with another person at that location) is not really applicable to the coincidence of meeting Mr. Turner. So I have introduced a new event type "meeting". However, the later arrivals of Mrs. Turner and Mr. Sanchy are modelled as "visit" events because the text makes it clear that the reason for them coming to the tavern is to meet one or more of the people already there.

This raises an interesting question - is a "meeting" a more general case of a "visit"? In one respect, it is - a meeting could be intentional or unintentional. In another respsect it is not - a meeting involves at least two people, whereas I have previously use a "visit" to model a person travelling to a location. Possibly this points to a need to review the definition of "visit" and refactor those associations where only one person is involved to be a "journey" rather than a "visit" and restrict "visit" events to involving at least two people, one of whom travelled to the location of the visit.

The other change worth noting is that the subject of Robert Pepy's estate has come up again. To link this to the previous mention of this subject (on 13th July 1661), I have added a subject indicator to this topic both for this entry's topic map and the 13th July topic map.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.


Updated topic map for the 13th July 1661 entry.

Family relationships ontology.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 10:28 AM | Comments (0)

July 17, 2004

Pepys-Map: 14th July 1661

In today's entry, reference is made to Robert Barnwell. As well as creating a topic for Mr. Barnwell in the people topic map, I have added some additional information taken from an annotation on the pepysdiary.com site. In particular that Robert Barnwell was the steward of Hinchingbroke from at the earliest 1655.

The office of Steward of Hinchingbroke is modelled as a topic, and the holding of that office by Robert Barnwell is also a topic.

[robert-barnwell : man = "Robert Barnwell"; "Barnwell, Robert"
  @"http://www.pepysdiary.com/p/1091.php"]
[robert-barnwell-steward : office-holding-event 
  = "Robert Barnwell was steward at Hinchingbroke from at least 1655"]
[steward-of-hitchingbroke : office = "Steward of Hinchingbroke"]

Next, the fact that this office was held by Mr. Barnwell from as late as 1655 is modelled using an event occurrence association with a topic for the year 1655 playing the role "start-before". At the moment I don't have any information about when he left that office, so the occurs association only has one role.

[year-1655 : date = "1655"; "16650100"
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/date-time/?gDateTime=1655"]
occurs(robert-barnwell-steward : event,
  year-1655 : start-before)

The office held by Robert Barnwell was conferred upon him by his Lord, Sir Edward Montagu, Earl of Sandwich. This requires a new role of "office-conferer" which is included in the participation association for the office-holding event.

participation( robert-barnwell-steward : office-holder,
  steward-of-hitchingbroke : office-held,
  sir-edward-montagu : office-conferer )

Finally, it is worth also modelling that the office of "Steward of Hinchingbroke" has a responsibility for Hinchingbroke. I have modelled the responsibility as being that of the office, not of the man - the reason being that when the holder of the office changes, the responsibility passes automatically from the old office holder to the new office holder, it is therefore more logical to see the responsibility as being something "anchored on" the office and not on the office holder. In general I feel that an office- or role-centered ontology is a useful and accurate way of reflecting the human make-up of organisations.

responsible-for(
  steward-of-hitchingbroke : responsible, 
  hinchingbroke : responsibility)

The events of the day are modelled as normal - there is a single dining event (with Robert Barnwell as the guest), and two visiting events one to Portholme and one to Hinchingbroke (neatly closing the loop with Robert Barnwell!)

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Family relationships ontology.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 09:30 AM | Comments (0)

July 15, 2004

Pepys-Map: 7th July 1661

The principal event of this day (and the only one we will model) is the burial of Samuel's deceased uncle Robert. As with our previous funeral, the event is modelled as a topic with a participation association which lists the known attendees. In this case, Robert Pepys as the deceased, Samuel and his father as mourners and Mr. Taylor and Mr. Turner as officiating in one respect or another. Interestingly Samuel says that Mr. Taylor "buried" his uncle and Mr. Turner spoke a funeral sermon. In this association, I have modelled both roles as "priest", however, I would happily receive guidance on more specific role types.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Family relationships ontology.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 05:37 PM | Comments (1)

July 14, 2004

Pepys-Map: 6th July 1661

Today's sequence of events starts with Samuel receiving the news that his uncle Robert died on the preceding day. So the first event to model is that death.

Samuel pays a visit to William Wight and Lady Jemima Montagu, to inform them of the news, and presumably to excuse his later absence. Although there is an implicit "visits" event - there is nothing explicit in the diary to say where Samuel went to pass on his news. For this reason, I have chosen only to represent the discussion events and not the visit events.

Samuel then proceeds to St. Martin's (St. Martin's Lane) and buys a pair of boots before setting out on his journey. This can be modelled in the same way as his previous purchases.

The journey is modelled as a topic. The route of the journey (from the Post Office in London to the Pepys' farm at Brampton) is modelled using an association, with the location topics playing the roles of journey start and end). As Samuel provides some approximate times for his travels, we can model the timing of the journey using an association. In this case, Samuel gives his start time as between 11am and midday and his arrival time as 9pm. This is modelled using a 3-ary association with two roles delimiting the earliest and latest start time, and one role identifying the end time.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Family relationships ontology.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 08:55 PM | Comments (0)

July 13, 2004

Pepys-Map: 5th July 1661

Just two events to describe in today's entry. First is Samuel's visit to his
office (note to self: I should revisit the previous entries and add office
visit events which I originally skipped). The second is his calling on
Sir William Batten.

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Family relationships ontology.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 05:58 PM | Comments (2)

July 12, 2004

Pepys-Map: 4th July 1661

The events described by this diary entry are:

1) Samuel visits the theatre to see a performance of "Clarcilla". A combination
of the annotations on the pepysdiary.com site and some quick googling shows
that this is a play (not an opera), performed by the theatre company of
Sir Thomas Killigrew, also known as the "King's Company".

2) Samuel calls on his father

3) Samuel visits the Royal Exchange

4) Samuel goes to the Mitre tavern with his uncle William Wight. The
Mitre is typed as a "tavern" which is a subclass of "building"
which is in turn a subclass of "place". The location of the Mitre
is given in the pepysdiary.com annotations as Fenchurch Street.
Fenchurch Street is modelled as a "thoroughfare" and the location
of the Mitre is given by a "located-on" association.


[the-mitre : tavern = "The Mitre"
@"http://www.pepysdiary.com/p/910.php"]
[fenchurch-st : thoroughfare = "Fenchurch Street"]
located-on(the-mitre : place, fenchurch-st : route)

5) Samuel and William discuss the fact that Samuel's father has travelled to
the Pepys' farm at Brampton. This implies and event of John Pepys travelling
to Brampton.

6) Samuel and Mr Batersby (also known as John Battersby) the apothecary
discuss Samuel's uncle's haemmoroids (I wonder just how "merry" Sam
had to be to get on to this topic of conversation!).

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Family relationships ontology.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 08:30 PM | Comments (2)

July 11, 2004

Pepys-Map: 3rd July 1661

Today's entry introduces quite a few new characters and many new social relationships.

The events identified in todays entry:

1) Visit to Mr. Edward Montagu
2) Dining with Lady Jemima Montagu ("my Lady")
3) The death of Samuel Crew - a retrospective event as the death occurred on 2nd July 1661
4) Samuel enquires after some "Spanish books" in Duck Lane
5) Samuel visits Sir William Batten (with others)
6) Elizabeth Pepys and Lady Elizabeth Batten attend the funeral of an unnamed daughter of Sir John Lawson
7) The employment of Samuel Pepys by Sir Edward Montagu.

(1) and (2) are modelled in the same way as preceding events of a similar type. (2) also introduces "the Wardrobe" as a new place.

Although (3) actually happened the day before, it is modelled in the topic map for this entry:

/* Retrospective event : Samuel Crew dies of spotted fever */
[event-16610702-r01 : death
  = "Death of Samuel Crew (2nd July 1661)"; "event-16610702-r01"]
participation( event-16610702-r01 : result,
  samuel-crew : deceased )
cause-of-death( event-16610702-r01 : death,
  spotted-fever : cause )
[spotted-fever : disease = "Spotted Fever"]
{spotted-fever, description, [[ "A fever characterised by the appearance of spots on the skin; now spec. (a) epidemic cerebrospinal meningiti; (b) typhus; (c) Rocky Mountain spotted fever" ]]} / soed

Note that I have also included a new occurrence type of "description" which, for the "spotted fever" topic I have use to quote from the Shorter Oxford English Dictionary (my new prized possession ;-) - hence the strangely named "soed" topic used to scope the occurrence.

(4) I struggle to model properly. Ideally I would like to model the intent to purchase Spanish books from a Duck Lane. I suspect that Tom Passin's suggestion of using thematic roles and bringing the model closer to that of conceptual graphs will help here. So I am temporarly putting off modelling this event.

(5) Is simply modelled as another "visiting event"

(6) Introduces some interesting problems:

This day my Lady Batten and my wife were at the burial of a daughter of Sir John Lawson’s, and had rings for themselves and their husbands.

I have chosen to model the funeral as another subclass of event. The daughter of Sir John Lawson is unamed, so she is modelled using a topic that plays the role of "child" in a parent-of relationship with the topic that stands for Sir John Lawson.

[event-16610703-04 : funeral
  = "Funeral of Sir John Lawson's daughter"; "16610703-04"]  
participation( event-16610703-04 : event,
  unknown-daughter : deceased,
  lady-elizabeth-batten : mourner,
  elizabeth-pepys : mourner )
[unknown-daughter : woman = "Unnamed Daughter of Sir John Lawson"]
parent-of(sir-john-lawson : parent, unknown-daughter : child)

Item (7), the employment of Samuel Pepys by Sir Edward Montagu is not explicit in the diary entry, but it is an important background fact. I have chosen to model employment as a subclass of the office-holding event (which was used in yesterday's entry to model Charles Stuart holding the office of King). As we cannot tell from this entry when that employment started (or when it will end), it is not posisble to attach an "occurs" association to this topic, but it is possible to identify the key participants:

[event-unknown-date-01 : employment
  = "Employment of Samuel Pepys by Sir Edward Montagu"]
participation( event-unknown-date-01 : event,
  samuel-pepys : employee,
  sir-edward-montagu : employer)

New and updated topic map files:

Topic map for this entry.

Family relationships ontology.

Core diary ontology.

People in the diary.

Places in the diary.

Posted by Kal at 03:20 PM | Comments (0)

July 10, 2004

Pepys-Map: 2nd July 1661

Today's diary entry on pepysdiary.com

Topic-mapping this entry

To Westminster Hall and there walked up and down, it being Term time. Spoke with several, among others my cozen Roger Pepys, who was going up to the Parliament House, and inquired whether I had heard from my father since he went to Brampton, which I had done yesterday, who writes that my uncle is by fits stupid, and like a man that is drunk, and sometimes speechless.

I have chosen to (for now) disregard some of the information given in this sentence. I will concentrate only on Sam's visit to Westminster Hall and his discussion with Roger Pepys.

In yesterday's entry I created a pattern for a "visiting" event that I can reuse here, even though Samuel is not visiting anyone in particular.

[event-16610702-01:visiting-event 
  = "Samuel visits Westminster Hall"; "16610702-01"]
occurs(event-16610702-01 : event, today : on)
participation( event-16610702-01 : event,
  samuel-pepys : visitor,
  westminster-hall : place)

Roger Pepys is a new character and so needs to be described in the topic map of people. This is is current entry.

[roger-pepys : man = "Roger Pepys";"Pepys, Roger"
  @"http://www.pepysdiary.com/p/247.php"]

There is more information on Roger at the subject indicator URL, but I am not going to model that for now. One of the nice things about building a topic map in this way is that it is always possible to revisit the model and fill in details later on.

The discussion between Roger and Samuel focusses on Samuel's father and his uncle (the relationship of these men to Roger is not clear from the diary entry). To talk about these men as the subject of a conversation, topics are needed to represent them:

[john-pepys : man = "John Pepys";"Pepys, John"
  @"http://www.pepysdiary.com/p/154.php"]
parent-of(john-pepys : parent, samuel-pepys: child)
[robert-pepys ="Robert Pepys";"Pepys, Rober"
  @"http://www.pepysdiary.com/p/884.php"]
sibling-of(john-pepys : sibling, robert-pepys : sibling)

This introduces two new association types, 'parent-of' and 'sibling-of'. I have chosen to model these family relationships in a non-gender-specific manner for two reasons

1) It simplifies the model to not have to talk about son-of, daughter-of, and brother/sister relationships.
2) Gender is recorded on the topics that represent people (where known) which means that the gender-specific family relationship can be inferred from the types of the role-playing topics in the non-gender-specific associations.

To model this conversation I also need to create a new subclass of event, the "discussion" event. The participants in the coversation are the interlocutors, and a separate association is used to specify the subject of the conversation. In this case, the subject of the conversation are two other people. Here I have chosen to use a single association to describe the conversation subject in a 3-ary relationship rather than creating two separate binary relationships - as I read this entry, I think that the single subject of conversation is Samuel's father and his uncle, rather than there being two separate subjects of conversation.

[event-16610702-02:discussion-event 
  = "Samuel's discussion with his cousin (2nd July 1661)";"16610702-02"]
occurs(event-16610702-02 : event, event-16610702-01 : during)
participation( event-16610702-02 : event,
  samuel-pepys : interlocutor,
  roger-pepys  : interlocutor)
event-subject( event-16610702-02 : event,
  john-pepys   : subject,
  robert-pepys : subject)


Home, and after my singing master had done, took coach and went to Sir William Davenant’s Opera; this being the fourth day that it hath begun, and the first that I have seen it. To-day was acted the second part of “The Siege of Rhodes.”

The singing lesson is glossed, but I have recorded it in the topic map nonetheless. The structure is the same as yesterday's entry.

The visit to the opera I model as being centered around the performance of the opera itself. This requires yet another new subclass of event, "performance" event, with a participation role played by the "company of performers", "Sir William Davenant's Opera Company". This is mentioned as being the second part of the opera, so I have titled the work accordingly.

[event-16610702-04 : performance 
  = "Performance of 'The Siege Of Rhodes' (2nd July 1661)";"16610702-04"]
occurs(event-16610702-04 : event, today : on)
participation( event-16610702-04 : event,
  davenants-opera : performer )
performed-work ( event-16610702-04 : performance,
  the-seige-of-rhodes-part-ii : work )
[davenants-opera : company-of-performers 
  = "Sir William Davenant's Opera Company"]
[company-of-performers = "Company of Performers" 
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/art/#company-of-performers"]
[the-seige-of-rhodes-part-ii : opera = "The Seige Of Rhodes (Second Part)"]

Samuel's participation in this event is as a member of the audience.


participation( event-16610702-04 : event,
samuel-pepys : audience )

There is also a brush with Royalty...

We staid a very great while for the King and the Queen of Bohemia.

So we have two new characters to add. "The King" is Charles II:

[charles-ii : man = "Charles Stuart"; "Stuart, Charles"
  = "Charles II" / charles-ii-king
  @"http://www.pepysdiary.com/p/344.php"]

His status as monarch I have modelled as a new type of event, an "office-holding" event. Within the scope of this event, "Charles Stuart" is known as "Charles II" hence this office-holding event is used to scope the name "Charles II". The office-holding event is modelled as:

[charles-ii-king : office-holding-event = "Reign of Charles II"]
[monarch-of-england  : office = "Monarch Of England"]
occurs( charles-ii-king : event,
  date-1660-05-29 : start,
  date-1685-02-06 : end )
[date-1660-05-29 : date = "29th May 1660";"16600529"
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/date-time/?gDateTime=1660-05-29"]
[date-1685-02-06 : date = "6th February 1685";"16850206"
  @"http://www.techquila.com/psi/date-time/?gDateTime=1685-02-06"]
participation( charles-ii-king : event,
  charles-ii : office-holder,
  monarch-of-england : office-held )

The "Queen of Bohemia" is the Lady Elizabeth Stuart.

[elizabeth-stuart : woman = "Lady Elizabeth Stuart (The Queen of Bohemia)"
  @"http://www.pepysdiary.com/p/833.php"]

The attendence of these royal personages at the opera is modelled in the same way as Samuel's attendance - even if they did cause the whole proceeding to be held up ;-)

participation( event-16610702-04 : event,
  charles-ii : audience )
participation( event-16610702-04 : event,
  elizabeth-stuart : audience )

To find out if Samuel got to see the opera and what he thought of it, be sure to read the entry at pepysdiary.com

Download the topic map for today's entry

Download the core ontology topic map

Download the people topic map

Download the places topic map

Posted by Kal at 05:22 PM | Comments (7)